Emma is a Lecturer at the University of Liverpool. She is a structural geologist exploring our ability to successfully characterise the sealing potential of displaced lithologies for applications to fluid flow in the subsurface, from CO2 storage, geothermal to hydrogeology. Specifically, Emma researches into how carbonates, including marls, deform and what that may mean to the resulting petrophysical (i.e. permeability) properties. She also addresses uncertainties when interpreting and understanding subsurface geology using seismic data.