The UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, for the EPSRC funding phase 2017 - 2022, is supporting a series of CCS research projects led by our core research team.
The core research has three linked themes: stoarage, capture and systems. On storage, the Oxburgh Report highlighted work on residual storage uncertainties and transfer of long-term liability. Undertanding of pressure increase and efficient use of reservoir pore-space are cross-cutting UK research priorities. Research topics include pressure migration and plume migration within storage reservoirs with impacts for geomechanical security, plume stability and site monitorability.
Work on UK-wide systems includes linking demand for heat and power, energy markets, industrial demand, CO2 transport infrastructure and CO2 storage and greenhouse gas removal technologies (GGRs, particularly BECCS). The overall objective is to provide inputs into existing UK-wide energy systems modelling and Integrated Assessment Models. We also examine "social license to operate" for fossil-fired CCS as well as BECCS.
The capture theme focuses on next generation CO2 capture technologies and processes, including high and low temperature solids-based cycles, and links closely to the systems work. Detailed modelling of each process investigated together with results from other work on BECCS (using the PACT facilities), integrated electricity and hydrogen production from natural gas and supercritical CO2 cycles is used to produce data for integration into overall UK systems studies.