Phase 2 of RAPID (Research and Pathways to Impact Delivery) has consisted of a series of workshops, with CCS practitioners, in order to understand CCS deployment issues, and the underpinning research required to address these. These have consisted of both structured series of such workshops, and individual workshops progressed on an ad-hoc basis as appropriate opportunities have arisen.
Delivering Cost Effective CCS in the 2020s
At the Centre's Board meeting in February 2016 approval was given to begin work on an initiative looking at how the future needs of the UK in terms of CCS can be met given the events of November 2015 and the Government taking 2016 to refresh its CCS strategy.
An initial meeting was quickly convened in order to identify the main areas that this initiative should focus on . A compelling part of that discussion was how the regions of the UK had different sets of drivers, would progress at different rates, and that no two cluster 'solutions' would be of exactly the same structural and commercial configuration (across capture, transport and storage elements). In each case, of course, the relevant cluster solution would have to be cost effective and integrate with the UK's decarbonisation strategy, as well as meeting regional specific requirements.
A series of regional meetings have therefore been organised, and more will follow.
In each case local stakeholders have been brought together with experts from across the CCS spectrum to draw out the key strands in relation to each region, and to identify realistic steps that can be taken to progress develop of a cluster solution in each region.
By way of example one such meeting focused on the needs of Wales. With no immediate prospect of (local) offshore storage for emitters based in South Wales the potential to create a shipping based transport solution forms a major part of this report. Alongside that coming the need to address legal issues around shipment of CO2. Meanwhile, for North Wales, there is logic in working with stakeholders in North West England to develop a pipeline based solution utilising storage in the East Irish Sea .
Working in partnership (rather than competing) with other regions is another strong theme that has evolved from the meetings. The above example of North Wales and North West England demonstrates this, but it is also true for regions situated on the East Coast of the UK. This came strongly to the fore during a meeting focused on Yorkshire and Humber, but with Teesside representation, and would do so again at a meeting focused specifically on Scotland and how it can work with other regions.
Finally, meetings with both East and West coast regions have also invariably demonstrated how working with international partners (and especially Norway and the Netherlands), has the potential to deliver a number of mutual benefits and accelerate the rate at which UK clusters could be initiated.
Post-Combustion Capture Using Amines for Phase 2/3 UK Projects and Preparation for Collaboration Activities with SaskPower
Just before the UKCCSRC Cranfield Biannual meeting in April 2015 industry representatives from three of the leading post-combustion CCS projects, Peterhead (SSE/Shell), Boundary Dam 3 (SaskPower) and Maasvlakte (EON), met with the IAP and IEAGHG Programme Chair, John Gale, and UKCCSRC academic experts for what is believed to be a world-first structured workshop on how research activities directed at post-FOAK projects for post-combustion capture using amines might be prioritised (i.e. on cost reductions and other criteria). This was intentionally a very well-defined application and one for which the necessary practitioner experience was available. Additional detail about this meeting can be found here.