Research

The UKCCSRC, for the funding phase 2017 – 2022 is supporting a series of CCS research projects led by our core research team.
The core research has three linked themes: storage, capture and systems and policy.

Capture projects
The capture theme focuses on next generation CO2 capture technologies and processes, including high and low temperature solids-based cycles, and links closely to the systems work.

Storage projects
The research topics within the storage theme include pressure migration and plume migration within storage reservoirs with impacts for geomechanical security, plume stability and site monitorability.

Systems and policy projects
The systems and policy theme looks at UK-wide systems, linking demand for heat and power, energy markets, industrial demand, and CO2 transport infrastructure. The overall objective is to provide inputs into existing UK energy systems modelling. We also examine “social license to operate” for fossil-fired CCS as well as bio-energy with CCS (BECCS).

Enabling research

Since our creation in 2012, we have supported, strengthened and integrated the UK CCS community. The excellence of the UK research base is internationally recognised, with many of our 300+ academic members collaborating with CCS organisations across the world. We have become a vital link with industry, aligning CCS research with business needs to secure an attainable economic future for the technology.

Flexible funds

We opened our 2021 call for flexible funding in April 2021. Applications are now closed and the successful applicants were announced in June 2021.

2012–2017 projects

During 2012 – 2017 the Centre issued two flexible funding calls that supported a total of 27 projects. These multidisciplinary CCS research projects sought to address gaps in knowledge and contribute to the commercialisation of CCS.

The UKCCSRC had £4.5 million in flexible funding to use to support CCS research. The projects addressed gaps in knowledge and contributed to the commercialisation of carbon capture and storage (CCS).  Thirteen UK universities and research institutions were involved in research delivery, and key project outcomes are publicly available.

The outputs from these projects can be found on our Data and Information Archive.

Our core research team

Prof Ben Anthony

Prof Ben Anthony

Prof Solomon Brown

Prof Solomon Brown

Prof Phil Bowen

Prof Phil Bowen

Dr Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Dr Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Dr Hannah Chalmers

Dr Hannah Chalmers

Prof Paul Dodds

Prof Paul Dodds

Prof Paul Fennell

Prof Paul Fennell

Dr Karen Finney

Dr Karen Finney

Prof Jon Gibbins

Prof Jon Gibbins

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Dr Clair Gough

Dr Clair Gough

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Dr Sam Krevor

Dr Sam Krevor

Prof Hao Liu

Prof Hao Liu

Prof Mathieu Lucquiaud

Prof Mathieu Lucquiaud

Prof Lin Ma

Prof Lin Ma

Prof Niall Mac Dowell

Prof Niall Mac Dowell

Dr Sarah Mander

Dr Sarah Mander

Dr Richard Marsh

Dr Richard Marsh

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Dr Camille Petit

Dr Camille Petit

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Dr Julia Race

Dr Julia Race

Dr David Reiner

Dr David Reiner

Prof Nilay Shah

Prof Nilay Shah

Dr Stuart Scott

Dr Stuart Scott

Prof Goran Strbac

Prof Goran Strbac

Prof Meihong Wang

Prof Meihong Wang

Dr Gareth Williams

Dr Gareth Williams

Mr John Williams

Mr John Williams

Prof Ben Anthony

Dr Anthony was a Professor in Energy Process Systems at Cranfield University. His interests include thermal energy processes that can offer pure CO2 streams for sequestration, and gasification technology, both in its high-pressure and atmospheric forms, and coal and waste combustion in FBC. Dr Anthony is the author of 295+ journal papers on various aspects of combustion, gasification and CCS, along with a similar number of conference papers, 19 book chapters, and he is the co-editor of the first book on Pressurized Fluidized Beds and a book with Dr Paul Fennel on Ca and Chemical Looping. His current R&D pursuits are strongly focused on calcium looping cycles, oxy-fired CFBC technology and pressurized, entrained-flow gasification and lime-based chemistry. Dr Anthony is an adjunct Professor with the Chemical and Biological Engineering Department at the University of Ottawa, and a guest Professor with Southeast University in Nanjing, China.  He is also a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, the Royal Society of Chemistry and the Institute of Energy and a Chartered Engineer.

Prof Solomon Brown

Solomon Brown is a Professor of Process and Energy Systems at the University of Sheffield and the Director of EPSRC’s Centre for Doctoral Training in Energy Storage and its Applications. He is a Fellow of the Energy Institute and leads the University of Sheffield’s Strategic Partnership with Drax as well as the Energy Systems Research Pillar in the Sheffield Energy Institute. He has considerable expertise in analysis and design of clean energy processes and the study of energy systems, and has published over 100 papers in top international journals and peer reviewed conferences across energy technology and system levels.He has also worked extensively with Industry partners to assess new clean energy generation and storage technologies, and their role and value within the wider market and system. Around this work he has received funding through BEIS, MOD, EPSRC, H2020, RAEng, NERC and the Faraday Institution.

Prof Phil Bowen

Phil Bowen, Director of Cardiff University’s Research Institute in Energy Systems (ESURI), and Gas Turbine Research Centre (GTRC), specialises in combustion and thermofluid system simulation and measurement.

Dr Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Kyra Sedransk Campbell, Imperial College London, is a Royal Society - EPSRC Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellow working on materials degradation and decomposition.See more on Kyra's research here: 

Dr Hannah Chalmers

Hannah Chalmers, Univeristy of Edinburgh, has unique expertise in CCS operational integration, network leadership and ECR mentoring.Communicating CCS to non-specialistsCarbon capture and storage is currently a "hot topic". I am one of a number of researchers at the University who devotes some of their time to helping non-specialists (policy-makers, journalists...) improve their understanding of this technology. I also participate as a 'technology expert' in research projects led by non-specialists (e.g. an ongoing UK Energy Research Centre project exploring potential development pathways for CCS).Power plant and CO2 capture engineeringWorking with colleagues in the Institute for Materials and Processes, I have been contributing to improved understanding of likely power plant performance with CO2 capture since I started work on CCS in 2004. In 2010, I was sole author for a review report commissioned by the IEA Clean Coal Centre on operating options available to power plants with CO2 capture. Much of my previous and ongoing work in this area focusses on flexible operation of power plants with CO2 capture.CO2 pipeline design and operationSuccessful CCS projects will need effective solutions for transporting captured carbon dioxide to safe geological storage. Some of my work is contributing to improved understanding of how CO2 transport infrastructure could be developed and operated successfully.Techno-economic analysis of CCS in electricity systemsDeveloping effective engineering solutions typically requires a good understanding of a range of non-technical issues. Much of my work is, therefore, interdisciplinary. In particular, I have developed methods for screening analysis of different operating options for power plants with CO2 capture taking into account economic, as well as technical, considerations. Ongoing work is extending these methods to include more detailed consideration of CO2 transport networks.Opportunities and challenges for CCS in developing countriesA number of researchers at the University of Edinburgh are contributing to efforts to determine if and how it could be appropriate to use CCS in developing countries. For example, in 2009 I co-authored a report that investigated the prospects for CCS technology in India with Rudra Kapila (see http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/sccs/india-ccs-prospects.html).

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Prof Paul Dodds

Paul Dodds is Professor of Energy Systems at University College London. He specialises in energy systems modelling and leads the development of the UK TIMES model, which is used by the UK Government to provide evidence for their long-term decarbonisation strategy. CCS is an important part of energy system models and Paul has recently focused on improving the representation of CCS for hydrogen production and industrial plants. He also leads UCL's contribution to a NERC-funded project examining negative emission technologies, in which CCS plays an important role for bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) and direct air capture (DAC).

Prof Paul Fennell

Paul Fennell (Deputy Director for Capture), CEng CSci FIChemE, is a deputy director of the UKCCSRC with more than 100 papers on energy and industry related subjects. He works with many industrial partners within EPSRC and EU projects, as well as regular consultancy. He has advised BEIS and the EA and was cited in the most recent IPCC Assessment Report. He chaired the IChemE Clean Energy Special Interest Group and was a member of the road-mapping team for the Iron and Steel sector. He was PI on 2 EPSRC grants, including the £1.3M “Opening New Fuels” project, 3 non-EPSRC grants and Co-I on 8 EPSRC grants. He has appeared on BBC radio and News 24 and regularly contributes on public engagement, winning the 2015 IChemE ambassador prize.
  • UKCCSRC Core Research Project - Capture: A1, Materials Development

Dr Karen Finney

Karen is a senior research fellow at the University of Sheffield in the University Energy Institute, with expertise in the thermal treatments (combustion, gasification and pyrolysis) of fossil fuels, biomass and waste; carbon capture; pollutant monitoring; gas turbines; and combined heat and power. At the national ERDF-funded Translational Energy Research Centre (where we fund ECR TERC training), she is the theme manager for sustainable and low-carbon energy; here, she is the academic operator for the gas turbines, biomass gasifier, biodiesel engine and the metal emissions monitoring laboratory. She has been part of various consortia to be awarded research funding, totalling ~£20m. Karen is a Chartered Engineer, a Member of the Energy Institute, an invited committee member of the IChemE Clean Energy Special Interest Group and a co-opted specialist on the IFRF Council.See Karen's related research pages here:

Location

University of Sheffield

Prof Jon Gibbins

Jon Gibbins is the Director of the UKCCSRC. He has worked on energy engineering, fuel conversion and CCS for 45 years, initially in industry and then as a university academic, latterly leading national academic research initiatives. With over 80 papers and more than 100 articles and reports on CCS and related topics, he is a Chartered Engineer, a Member of the IMechE, a Fellow of the Institute of Energy and Professor of CCS at the University of Sheffield.  Since 2005 Jon has played a leading role in UK CCS academic capacity building, growing the UK CCS Research Centre as an inclusive and open virtual national hub and helping to start now-mainstream UK initiatives on industrial decarbonisation (2012) and CCS clusters (2016). His research activities centre around engagement with industry and policymakers on practical aspects of CCS deployment, with an emphasis on policy and economic requirements plus detailed practical analysis of matching capture plant designs to market conditions.

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Stuart Gilfillan is a Reader in Geochemistry in the School of GeoSciences, at the University of Edinburgh. He was educated in Earth Science at the University of Glasgow (BSc) and Geology at the University of Manchester (PhD), and has 16 years’ of post-PhD experience of innovative geochemical research in CO2 storage for CCS. This research has developed a means of fingerprinting carbon dioxide in order to track its movement and means of storage in subsurface reservoirs, as part of efforts to develop carbon capture and storage technologies. More recently, he has applied his expertise to the emerging GeoEnergy sector through novel monitoring of unconventional gas extraction, geothermal energy, CO2 contamination in, and connectivity of, hydrocarbon fields. He has a keen interest in all areas of utilising the subsurface for energy production or storage, and he is currently Deputy Programme Director for the GeoEnergy MSc course at Edinburgh, which he co-developed.

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Dr Clair Gough

Clair Gough is a Senior Research Fellow at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Manchester. With a focus on CCS and biomass energy with CCS (BECCS). Clair has extensive experience in energy-related social scientific research, including expert elicitation processes, public attitudes and responses, and ethical assessment, as well as integrated socio-technical assessments. Clair’s research aims to better understand social, technical and climate implications of CCS and its role in achieving net zero. Her current research includes analysis of the conditions for establishing a social license to operate decarbonisation and carbon removal technologies, including CCS and BECCS.

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Professor Stuart Haszeldine is the UKCCSRC Deputy Director for Storage. He is a geologist and environmental scientist at the University of Edinburgh, with 45 years’ experience working with subsurface information from hydrocarbon extraction to waste disposal. From 2005 he has created the UK’s largest University group examining CO2 storage geology, with a particular focus on natural analogues, containment processes and subsurface pressures. His research focuses on energy and environment, linking between academia, business, government, and public engagement. He served as advisor to the 2005-6 UK Parliament Science and Technology Committee on CO2 capture and storage, and was the only academic on the seminal Oxburgh Report to BEIS of 2016. He currently serves as one of two academics on the CCUS Council, advising Secretary of State and Energy Ministers. His current work is developing the Carbon Take Back Obligation and carbon offsets, to align carbon storage tonnage with climate requirements, and also developing multi-seasonal hydrogen storage onshore and offshore UK. Stuart was awarded the Scottish Science Prize in 1999, elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2003, appointed OBE for services to climate change technologies in 2012, and in 2021 he was appointed Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.

Dr Sam Krevor

Sam Krevor is a Reader in Carbon Sequestration Studies in the Department of Earth Science & Engineering. He is the Principal Investigator for the subsurface CO2 Group at Imperial College London. Their work is focused on the migration and trapping of CO2 in the subsurface, and limitations from plume migration and pressurisation to the CO2  storage capacity.

Location

Imperial College London

Prof Hao Liu

Hao Liu, University of Nottingham, has 25 years’ research experience in CCS, combustion, power plant engineering and fluidised beds.

Location

Univeristy of Nottingham

Prof Mathieu Lucquiaud

Mathieu Lucquiaud is a Professor of Fuels and Combustion in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Sheffield where he provides the leadership to an internationally leading activity in Clean Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage. His research vision is both fundamental and ‘mission orientated’ and aims at developing the energy and climate technologies necessary to achieve a zero-carbon society, with a focus on zero carbon power, waste incineration and hydrogen, and carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere. Mathieu launched the first free online course on Climate Change and Carbon Capture and Storage aimed at the general public, with over 15,000 people from over 150 countries having taken part so far.

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Prof Lin Ma

Lin Ma is Professor of Fluid Dynamics in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the University of Sheffield. His active areas of research include gas/coal/biomass combustion, fuel related ash deposition, slagging and fouling in power plant furnaces, oxyfuel and solvent based carbon capture processes, rotating packed bed capture technologies, wind turbine aerodynamics and fuel cell technologies. He has worked for many years on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling of various energy processes and a wide range of industrial fluid flow, heat and mass transfer problems. He has co-authored over 200 peer reviewed papers. Some of his research involves facilities at the Translational Energy Research Centre(TERC) at the University of Sheffield, where we fund ECR TERC training.See also Lin Ma's related research pages:

Prof Niall Mac Dowell

Niall Mac Dowell is a Professor in Energy Systems Engineering at Imperial College London. He is a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of both the IChemE and the Royal Society of Chemistry. His research is focused on understanding the transition to a low carbon economy. Since 2010, he has published more than 100 peer-reviewed scientific papers at the molecular, unit operation, integrated process, and system scales in this context. His work has been presented more than 100 times at conferences in the UK, EU, North America, Middle and Far East. A full list of publications can be found here and he currently serves on the Advisory Board of Joule.Niall has more than a decade’s experience as a consultant to the public and private sectors. He has worked with a range of private sector energy companies, and has provided evidence to members of the Select Committee on Energy and Climate Change and has given advice to DECC/BEIS, the IEA, the IEAGHG the ETI and the JRC. Niall is a member of Total’s Scientific Advisory Board, was also a member of the US National Petroleum Council (NPC) CCUS Roadmap Team. Niall has been a member of the technical working group of the Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP), the Carbon Capture and Storage Association (CCSA) and from 2015 – 2019 served as the Secretary of the IChemE's Energy Centre. He was awarded the Qatar Petroleum Prize for his work on Clean Fossil Fuels in 2010 and the IChemE’s Nicklin medal for his work on low carbon energy in 2015.

Location

Imperial College London

Dr Sarah Mander

Sarah Mander, University of Manchester, focuses on climate change mitigation and researches renewable energy, long term energy scenarios, sustainable energy in the urban environment, recycling and climate change governance.

Dr Richard Marsh

Richard Marsh specialises in resilient energy systems. Previously an engineer with QinetiQ, developing aviation gas turbine technologies, Richard joined Cardiff University on a range of energy related projects including low carbon technologies. In 2008 he took a lectureship in the Gas Turbine Research Centre, where he has led a variety of research projects and presented at major international conferences, including ASME, ICLASS and the Combustion Institute. Collaborators include Rolls-Royce, Siemens, Tata, EU and EASA. Funding sources include, EPSRC, EU H2020, ERDF and industry. Research projects include capture ready power plants, particulate matter emission, power plant flexibility and use of alternative fuels.

Location

Cardiff University

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Jerome Neufeld is a Reader in Earth and Planetary Fluid Dynamics at the University of Cambridge appointed at the BP Institute, the Department of Earth Sciences and the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics.  The work of his group combines models of the fluid dynamics of geological CO2 storage with geophysical data sets to understand the migration and trapping of CO2 in the subsurface, with a particular and current focus on the role of mesoscale geological heterogeneities on the distribution and stabilisation of sequestered CO2.

Dr Camille Petit

Dr Camille Petit is a Reader in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College London, which she joined in September 2013. She currently leads the Multifunctional Materials Laboratory.Her research focuses on elucidating the fundamentals of porous materials formation, structure, and chemistry to exploit them in interfacial applications, i.e. separation of molecules (incl. CO2 capture) and solar fuel production. Her work also investigates the implications of using these materials at the large-scale. Materials of interest include metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)- and nitride-based materials. Dr Petit has published > 70 peer-reviewed articles. She has one granted patent and has filed two others, all related to the development of sorbent materials.Dr Petit is the recipient of the 2020 RSC Barrer Award,  2019 Philip Leverhulme Prize in Engineering, 2019 ERC Starting Grant, the 2017 AIChE’s 35 under 35 award, the 2017 IOM3 Silver Medal and the 2015 IChemE Sir Frederick Warner medal.

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Mohamed Pourkashanian is the Head of the Energy Institute at the University of Sheffield, the Managing Director of the Translational Energy Research Centre (TERC), Sustainable Aviation Fuels Innovation Centre (SAF-IC) and the General Secretary of International Flame Research Foundation (IFRF). As a Professor of Energy Engineering, he has completed numerous major research projects on clean energy technology and has received substantial grants from partners such as BEIS, EU, NATO, industrial partners and UKRI-EPSRC. He is a member of several international and national scientific bodies e.g., member of the ISCF-Industrial Decarbonisation Advisory Group, and Chair of the International Test Centre Network (ITCN). He led the establishment of the PACT and TERC national facilities in 2012 and 2019. He has published more than 491 refereed research papers and co-authored four books.At the Translational Energy Research Centre - where we also fund ECR TERC training - Professor Pourkashanian provides expert academic, strategic and operational leadership to the project and its team members, directly contributing to all ongoing activity.See Mohamed's related research project pages:

Dr Julia Race

Prior to starting her academic career, Julia worked in industry for over 20 years, latterly in the pipeline industry for 7 years as an integrity consultant for GE Oil and Gas. In this role, she was responsible for providing fitness-for-purpose, remaining life and corrosion assessments for onshore and offshore pipelines. She has also worked as a materials engineer in the petrochemical and power generation industries involved with the operation, maintenance and design of chemical and power plant. Her primary research interest is in the use of pipeline infrastructure to deliver pathways to Net Zero – primarily in the transportation of CO2 for CCS schemes and hydrogen as a replacement for oil and gas in the energy mix.Research topics have included material and specification requirements for CO2 and H2 pipelines, techniques for conducting Quantitative Risk Assessments, including pipeline failure frequency and consequence analysis, hydraulic network design and developing system flexibility and techno-economics and wider economy impacts. Her wider research interests include the modelling of structural damage and corrosion on structures, particularly relating to onshore and offshore energy infrastructure.

Dr David Reiner

David Reiner is Deputy Director for Systems and Policy of the UKCCSRC.  David is University Senior Lecturer in Technology Policy at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge and Assistant Director of the Energy Policy Research Group (EPRG) at Cambridge. He is one of two academic members of the CCUS Council, which is chaired by the UK Energy Minister and co-chair of the BEIS Oversight Panel on Public Perceptions of CCUS. He is also on the Advisory Boards of the £180m Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund (ISCF) on Industrial Decarbonisation Challenge, the International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas Programme’s Social Research Network and the UK-China Guangdong CCUS Centre.

Prof Nilay Shah

Prof Nilay Shah is a Professor in Process Systems Engineering at Imperial College London, where he currently is the Head of Department and formerly the Director of the Centre for Process Systems Engineering (CPSE), and a Chemical Engineer by training. He has co-authored over 300 technical papers on process systems modelling and engineering, design and optimisation of chemical and biochemical processes and low carbon energy supply chains and systems. Nilay Shah has received several awards and he is particularly interested in the transfer of technology from academia to industry. He was part of a team that recently developed a comprehensive report on greenhouse gas removal technologies (GGR). He is Deputy Chair of the RAEng Systems Approach to Decarbonisation Working Group and has just been appointed to the Energy Minister’s Hydrogen Advisory Council.

Dr Stuart Scott

Dr Scott’s research is focussed primarily on carbon capture and other processes for the abatement of CO2. This includes detailed investigations into specific technologies, with a large effort on processes which are based on gasification, combustion and thermochemical cycles, as well as more general process and reactor modelling and sustainability assessment. Recent work has looked at combined gasification and metal oxygen donor processes (often called chemical looping combustion), in which the oxygen for combustion comes from a solid oxygen carrier (usually a metal oxide) rather than air. These high temperature processes have the potential to dramatically reduce the energy penalty associated with carbon capture and storage (CCS), and can also be used to produce hydrogen. Dr Scott’s research in this area goes from the understanding and development of the materials, through to lab-scale testing and process modelling of the scaled up systems.

Prof Goran Strbac

Goran Strbac is a Professor of Energy Systems, with extensive experience in advanced modelling and analysis of operation, planning, security and economics of energy systems. He led the development of novel advanced analysis approaches and methodologies that have been extensively used to inform industry, governments and regulatory bodies about the role and value of emerging new technologies and systems in supporting cost effective evolution to smart low carbon energy future. He is currently Director of the joint Imperial-Tsinghua Research Centre on Intelligent Power and Energy Systems, Leading Author in IPCC WG 3, Member of OFGEM RIIO-2 Challenging Group, Member of the UK Smart System Forum, Member of the European Technology and Innovation Platform for Smart Networks for the Energy Transition, and Member of the Joint EU Programme in Energy Systems Integration of the European Energy Research Alliance. He co-authored 4 books and published over 200 technical papers.

Prof Meihong Wang

Meihong Wang is principal author of the most cited paper published in Chem. Eng. Res. Des. since 2010 (on post combustion carbon capture).Professor Wang joined the University of Sheffield in Sept. 2016 (with Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering & Energy2050).He was trained as Process Engineer in China, then moved to the UK in Jan. 1999 to join Imperial College London and University College London.He joined the University of Hull in Oct. 2012 as Reader in Process and Energy Systems Engineering & CCS after 6 years with Cranfield University as Lecturer and MSc Course Director.Professor Wang is a Chartered Engineer. He has published well over 100 technical (journal and conference) papers, and industrial reports. He has been involved in different research projects worth over £13 million from UK Research Councils. European Union and Industry as investigators (PI or CI).

Location

University of Sheffield

Dr Gareth Williams

Gareth currently works within the CO2 storage research team at the British Geological Survey, where he provides expertise in seismic data analysis, rock physics modelling and numerical simulation of CO2 flow in the subsurface.  He's published on a range of topics from deep subsurface structure to CCS, with a particular interest in the Sleipner CO2 injection operation. His current research is focused on the integrated modelling of fluid flow and time-lapse seismic response to monitor CO2 injection operations.

Mr John Williams

John is a senior geologist within the CO2 storage research team at the British Geological Survey. His expertise includes storage site characterisation and estimation of storage capacity. He has published on a range of topics relevant to CO2 storage on the UKCS, including pressure-limitations to CO2 storage capacity, the nature of the contemporary in situ stress state, and fault reactivation potential. He is currently engaged in research into the subsurface structure, properties and geomechanical constraints to the storage capacity of the Bunter Sandstone saline aquifer formation of the Southern North Sea.