Research

The UKCCSRC, for the funding phase 2017 – 2022 is supporting a series of CCS research projects led by our core research team.
The core research has three linked themes: storage, capture and systems and policy.

Capture projects
The capture theme focuses on next generation CO2 capture technologies and processes, including high and low temperature solids-based cycles, and links closely to the systems work.

Storage projects
The research topics within the storage theme include pressure migration and plume migration within storage reservoirs with impacts for geomechanical security, plume stability and site monitorability.

Systems and policy projects
The systems and policy theme looks at UK-wide systems, linking demand for heat and power, energy markets, industrial demand, and CO2 transport infrastructure. The overall objective is to provide inputs into existing UK energy systems modelling. We also examine “social license to operate” for fossil-fired CCS as well as bio-energy with CCS (BECCS).

Enabling research

Since our creation in 2012, we have supported, strengthened and integrated the UK CCS community. The excellence of the UK research base is internationally recognised, with many of our 300+ academic members collaborating with CCS organisations across the world. We have become a vital link with industry, aligning CCS research with business needs to secure an attainable economic future for the technology.

Flexible funds

In January 2019 the UKCCSRC closed its latest flexible funding call. 36 applications were received and a rigorous appraisal system was applied to determine the successful applications.

2012–2017 projects

During 2012 – 2017 the Centre issued two flexible funding calls that supported a total of 27 projects. These multidisciplinary CCS research projects sought to address gaps in knowledge and contribute to the commercialisation of CCS.

The UKCCSRC had £4.5 million in flexible funding to use to support CCS research. The projects addressed gaps in knowledge and contributed to the commercialisation of carbon capture and storage (CCS).  Thirteen UK universities and research institutions were involved in research delivery, and key project outcomes are publicly available.

The outputs from these projects can be found on our Data and Information Archive.

Our core research team

Prof Ben Anthony

Prof Ben Anthony

Prof Phil Bowen

Prof Phil Bowen

Dr Solomon Brown

Dr Solomon Brown

Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Prof Andy Chadwick

Prof Andy Chadwick

Hannah Chalmers

Hannah Chalmers

Dr Paul Dodds

Dr Paul Dodds

Prof Paul Fennell

Prof Paul Fennell

Dr Karen Finney

Dr Karen Finney

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Dr Clair Gough

Dr Clair Gough

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Dr Sam Krevor

Dr Sam Krevor

Prof Hao Liu

Prof Hao Liu

Dr Mathieu Lucquiaud

Dr Mathieu Lucquiaud

Prof Lin Ma

Prof Lin Ma

Dr Niall MacDowell

Dr Niall MacDowell

Dr Sarah Mander

Dr Sarah Mander

Dr Richard Marsh

Dr Richard Marsh

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Dr Camille Petit

Dr Camille Petit

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Dr Julia Race

Dr Julia Race

Dr David Reiner

Dr David Reiner

Dr Stuart Scott

Dr Stuart Scott

Prof Nilay Shah

Prof Nilay Shah

Prof Goran Strbac

Prof Goran Strbac

Prof Meihong Wang

Prof Meihong Wang

Dr Gareth Williams

Dr Gareth Williams

Prof Ben Anthony

Ben Anthony, Cranfield University, is currently Professor in Energy Process Systems at Cranfield University, and was a senior research scientist with Natural Resources Canada. 220+ journal papers, co-editor of the 1st book on Pressurized Fluidised Beds and (with PF) a book on high temperature looping cycles.

Prof Phil Bowen

Phil Bowen, Director of Cardiff University’s Research Institute in Energy Systems (ESURI), and Gas Turbine Research Centre (GTRC), specialises in combustion and thermofluid system simulation and measurement.

Location

Cardiff University

Dr Solomon Brown

Solomon Brown, University of Sheffield, was awarded the Frank Lees Medal 2009 by the IChemE. Since 2011 he has authored over 31 peer reviewed publications.

Location

University of Sheffield

Kyra Sedransk Campbell

Kyra Sedransk Campbell, Imperial College London, is a Royal Society - EPSRC Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellow working on materials degradation and decomposition.

Location

Imperial College london

Prof Andy Chadwick

Andy Chadwick is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for Monitoring R&D.Andy is an Individual Merit Research Scientist at the British Geological Survey and an Honorary Professor in the School of Geoscience at Edinburgh University. He has an MA from Oxford and a DSc from Durham and his areas of expertise are: subsurface exploration, basin evolution, regional tectonics, seismic analysis, CO2 storage – characterization/capacity, monitoring and regulation. Andy has been involved with CO2 storage since 1998 participating in many European CO2 storage research projects and a number of UK government and industrially-funded ones.  His main interests lie in storage site characterisation, monitoring and regulation. Current research directions include quantitative analysis of time-lapse seismic data to characterise COplumes, and history-matched flow modelling to understand CO2 migration in reservoirs. He has advised a number of national and international regulatory bodies and is particularly interested in developing pragmatic integrated monitoring systems and strategies for industrial-scale storage sites.

Hannah Chalmers

Hannah Chalmers, Univeristy of Edinburgh, has unique expertise in CCS operational integration, network leadership and ECR mentoring.

Communicating CCS to non-specialists
Carbon capture and storage is currently a "hot topic". I am one of a number of researchers at the University who devotes some of their time to helping non-specialists (policy-makers, journalists...) improve their understanding of this technology. I also participate as a 'technology expert' in research projects led by non-specialists (e.g. an ongoing UK Energy Research Centre project exploring potential development pathways for CCS).

Power plant and CO2 capture engineering
Working with colleagues in the Institute for Materials and Processes, I have been contributing to improved understanding of likely power plant performance with CO2 capture since I started work on CCS in 2004. In 2010, I was sole author for a review report commissioned by the IEA Clean Coal Centre on operating options available to power plants with CO2 capture. Much of my previous and ongoing work in this area focusses on flexible operation of power plants with CO2 capture.

CO2 pipeline design and operation
Successful CCS projects will need effective solutions for transporting captured carbon dioxide to safe geological storage. Some of my work is contributing to improved understanding of how CO2 transport infrastructure could be developed and operated successfully.

Techno-economic analysis of CCS in electricity systems
Developing effective engineering solutions typically requires a good understanding of a range of non-technical issues. Much of my work is, therefore, interdisciplinary. In particular, I have developed methods for screening analysis of different operating options for power plants with CO2 capture taking into account economic, as well as technical, considerations. Ongoing work is extending these methods to include more detailed consideration of CO2 transport networks.

Opportunities and challenges for CCS in developing countries
A number of researchers at the University of Edinburgh are contributing to efforts to determine if and how it could be appropriate to use CCS in developing countries. For example, in 2009 I co-authored a report that investigated the prospects for CCS technology in India with Rudra Kapila (see http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/sccs/india-ccs-prospects.html).

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Dr Paul Dodds

Paul Dodds is a Senior Lecturer in Energy Systems in the UCL Energy Institute and the Institute for Sustainable Resources. He specialises in energy systems modelling and has particular expertise modelling hydrogen and bioenergy systems. His recent focus has been on the integration of flexible renewable electricity generation in the future and he leads projects on energy storage and European interconnection.CCS is an important part of energy system models and Paul has recently focused on improving the representation of CCS for hydrogen production and industrial plants. He also leads UCL's contribution to a NERC-funded project examining negative emission technologies, in which CCS plays an important role for bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) and direct air capture (DAC).He led the development of an energy systems model, UK TIMES, which has replaced the UK MARKAL model. UK MARKAL contributed to UK energy policy over the last 10 years and UK TIMES has already been used by the UK Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy to provide underpinning evidence for their fifth carbon budget impact assessment and for the Clean Growth Strategy.Paul has published papers on the design of energy system models, on hydrogen and on the future of the UK gas networks. He formalised a theoretical approach to analysing the evolution of energy system models using "model archaeology".

Prof Paul Fennell

Paul Fennell (Deputy Director Capture) was joint director of ICL’s Centre for CCS. He has edited one book on high-temperature looping cycles, has 60 papers, 2 patents and is the 2015 winner of the IChemE’s Ambassador prize.

Dr Karen Finney

Karen Finney, University of Sheffield, conducts experimental and theoretical investigations into thermal processes for sustainable, lowcarbon energy, including CCS, with two research sabbaticals at Alstom Power Ltd/GE Power.

Location

University of Sheffield

Dr Stuart Gilfillan

Stuart Gilfillan, University of Edinburgh, has invented geochemical methods of CO2 fingerprinting from source to store.

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Dr Clair Gough

Clair Gough, University of Manchester, has > 20 years’ experience in integrated technical and social science analyses, featuring long term scenarios and public and stakeholder participation in the context of energy and climate change, CCS and BECCS.Clair is from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Manchester and is the Research Area Champion for Societal Responses.Clair is a Research Fellow at the Tyndall Centre. Her research has integrated technical and social science analyses, featuring the use of long term scenarios and public and stakeholder participation in the context of energy and climate change, with a focus on the assessment of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS), including the use of biomass energy with CCS.  Having conducted one of the first studies to investigate lay responses to CCS, Clair has extensive experience in CCS social scientific research, including the media representation of CCS, public attitudes to CCS, ethical assessment of CCS as well as more integrated socio-technical assessments (including Delphi, roadmapping and multi-criteria assessments).

Prof Stuart Haszeldine

Stuart Haszeldine is from the University of Edinburgh and is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for Storage Assessment.Stuart has 25 years’ experience working with subsurface information from basin-scale to field-scale in hydrocarbon extraction and in waste disposal.  He was awarded the Scottish Science Prize in 1999, and elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2003.  Since 2005 he has created the UK's largest University group examining CO2 storage geology, with a particular focus on natural analogues and seepage processes through overburden. He is currently co-leader of the Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage, lead scientist on COstorage for the UK Energy Research Centre, and co-leader of the academic network UKCCSC.  He served as advisor to the 2005-6 UK Parliament Science and Technology Committee on CO2 capture and storage.  Several pieces of evidence have been submitted to UK government consultations on CCS.

Dr Sam Krevor

Sam Krevor, Imperial College London,  is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Earth Science & Engineering. He is the Principal Investigator for the subsurfaceCO2 Group at Imperial College London. Their work is focused on the migration and trapping of CO2 in the subsurface, and limitations from plume migration and pressurisation to the CO2 storage capacity.

Location

Imperial College London

Prof Hao Liu

Hao Liu, University of Nottingham, has 25 years’ research experience in CCS, combustion, power plant engineering and fluidised beds.

Location

Univeristy of Nottingham

Dr Mathieu Lucquiaud

Mathieu Lucquiaud, University of Edinburgh, is a Royal Academy of Engineering Research Fellow working on power generation systems with CO2 capture, operational flexibility and solvent post-combustion capture.

Location

Univeristy of Edinburgh

Prof Lin Ma

Lin Ma, University of Sheffield, combines multiscale computational modelling with experimental investigations to further develop capture technology, and has co-authored over 200 peer reviewed research papers.

Dr Niall MacDowell

Niall MacDowell, Imperial College London, (Centre for Environmental Policy and CPSE) is on the Executive Board of the IChemE’s Energy Centre. He has published work on CCS at molecular, unit, integrated process and network scales.

Location

Imperial College London

Dr Sarah Mander

Sarah Mander, University of Manchester, focuses on climate change mitigation and researches renewable energy, long term energy scenarios, sustainable energy in the urban environment, recycling and climate change governance.

Dr Richard Marsh

Richard Marsh, Cardiff University, expertise includes methane oxycombustion for capture ready power plants, power plant flexibility and use of alternative fuels and swirl combustion processes.

Location

Cardiff University

Dr Jerome Neufeld

Jerome Neufeld, University of Cambridge, works on fluid dynamics of geological CO2 storage, including propagation and leakage of CO2 plumes and methods for seismic detection of their morphology, and rates of stable CO2 storage through dissolution or capillary trapping.

Dr Camille Petit

Dr. Camille Petit, Imperial College London, focuses on the synthesis, characterisation and testing of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)- and nitride-based nanomaterials for molecular separations (incl. CO2 capture) as well as photocatalysis. Recently, she received the 2017 AIChE’s 35 under 35 award, the 2017 IOM3 Silver Medal in ‘recognition of an outstanding contribution from an early career researcher to a field of interest within the Materials sector’, and the 2015 IChemE Sir Frederick Warner medal for ‘showing exceptional promise in the field of sustainable chemical process technology’.

Prof Mohamed Pourkashanian

Mohamed Pourkashanian is at the University of Sheffield and is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for Oxyfuel.Professor Pourkashanian is the Head of Energy-2050 at the University of Sheffield, General Secretary of the International Flame Research Foundation (IFRF), and is the Director of PACT pilot-scale UK national facilities. He holds a chair in Energy Engineering and has completed numerous major research projects on clean energy technology and received a substantial sum of grants from EPSRC, EU, NATO, and industry. His active research grants in 2015 relating to clean energy projects are in excess of £10M. He leads a team of 11 research fellows and 34 PhD students. He has published over 480 refereed research papers. He is a member of numerous international and national scientific bodies including an invited member of the All Party Parliamentary Renewable Transport Fuels Group and Expert-Member in EU-GCC Clean Gas Energy Network. Professor Pourkashanian’s research is in the field of future clean and sustainable energy technology with a focus on multi-scale energy process computational and CFD modelling. His active research areas include efficient and low carbon power generation technology, Alternative low carbon fuels, bioenergy, carbon capture, pollutants formation prediction, and future power plant/energy system multi-scale and dynamic simulation.

Dr Julia Race

Julia Race is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for Transport.Julia has recently moved to the University of Strathclyde from Newcastle University to take up a role a Senior Lecturer in Pipeline and Subsea Engineering. She previously worked for over 20 years in the power generation, chemical, refinery and pipeline industries. She has spent 7 years managing recent academic research in CCS as principal investigator on the MATTRAN research project and the National Grid sponsored COOLTRANS project and as a co-investigator on the EPSRC UK CCS Consortium project. She is a member of the co-ordination group for the UK CCS Research Centre and Research Area Champion for CO2 transport and is a member of the BSI Committee PSE/265 Carbon Capture and Storage and the ISO TC 265:WG2 ‘CO2 transportation’. She also holds an EPSRC Industrial CASE studentship in CCS related research. Julia’s publications in the area of CCS transport include two book chapters, an IEAGHG report, four peer-reviewed conference papers and one published journal paper.Prior to moving to the university, Dr Race worked in the pipeline industry for 7 years as an integrity consultant for PII Pipeline Solutions. In this role, she was responsible for providing fitness-for-purpose, remaining life and corrosion assessments for onshore and offshore pipelines. Dr Race has also worked as a materials engineer in the petrochemical and power generation industries involved with the operation, maintenance and design of chemical and power plant. Her other research interests include modelling external corrosion in pipelines and evaluating the effect of denting on pipeline integrity.

Dr David Reiner

David Reiner is from the University of Cambridge and is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for Financing, Policy and Deployment.David is the member of the UKCCSRC coordination group responsible for policy, economics and finance and leads the cross-cutting issues research group.  He is Senior Lecturer in Technology Policy at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge.  He is also Assistant Director of the Energy Policy Research Group (EPRG) at Cambridge and a research associate of the Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies Program at MIT. Current research activities include the international surveys of public and stakeholder perceptions of low-carbon technologies, grassroots activism, and public communications and acceptance of CCS technologies.  He is also a member of the Guangdong CCS Ready Project, the EU’s Zero Emission Power technology platform Task Force on Public Communications, the Advisory Board of the Dutch national CCS programme CATO-2, and the steering committee of the International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas Programme's Social Research Network.

Dr Stuart Scott

Stuart Scott works on high temperature fuel conversion and capture processes. He has led several multidisciplinary EPRSC-funded projects on aspects of high temperature looping for carbon capture.

Prof Nilay Shah

Nilay Shah is from Imperial College, London and is a member of the Centre's Coordination Group and is the Research Area Champion for CCS Systems.Nilay is the Director of the Centre for Process Systems Engineering (CPSE) and co-director of the Urban Energy Systems project at Imperial. His research interests include the application of process modelling and mathematical/systems engineering techniques to analyse and optimise complex, spatially- and temporally-explicit low-carbon energy systems, including hydrogen infrastructures, carbon capture and storage systems, urban energy systems and bioenergy systems. He is also interested in devising process systems engineering methods for complex systems such as large scale supply chains and biorenewable processes, and in the application of model-based methods for plant safety assessment and risk analysis. He has published widely in these areas and is particularly interested in the transfer of technology from academia to industry. He has provided consultancy services on systems optimisation to a large number of process industry and energy companies.

Prof Goran Strbac

Goran Strbac, Imperial College London, is a leading authority in advanced modelling and analysis of operation, planning, security and economics of energy systems. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the SmartGrids European Technology Platform, co-chair of EU WG on Sustainable Districts and Built Environment of Smart Cities and Director of the UK Centre for Grid Scale Energy Storage.

Prof Meihong Wang

Meihong Wang is principal author of the most cited paper published in Chem. Eng. Res. Des. since 2010 (on post combustion carbon capture).Professor Wang joined the University of Sheffield in Sept. 2016 (with Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering & Energy2050).He was trained as Process Engineer in China, then moved to the UK in Jan. 1999 to join Imperial College London and University College London.He joined the University of Hull in Oct. 2012 as Reader in Process and Energy Systems Engineering & CCS after 6 years with Cranfield University as Lecturer and MSc Course Director.Professor Wang is a Chartered Engineer. He has published well over 100 technical (journal and conference) papers, and industrial reports. He has been involved in different research projects worth over £13 million from UK Research Councils. European Union and Industry as investigators (PI or CI).

Location

University of Sheffield

Dr Gareth Williams

Gareth Williams, British Geological Survey, has been working on time-lapse seismic analysis for CCS for several years, including the development of advanced algorithms. He's published on a range of topics from deep subsurface structure to CCS including work on spectral analysis of the Sleipner seismic datasets.