New and established techniques for surface gas monitoring at onshore CO2 storage sites

New methods for the monitoring of CO2 near the ground surface at geological CO2 storage sites have been tested over areas of natural CO2 emission. Mobile open path laser measurements and ground-surface portable infrared measurements show great promise for rapid assessment of large areas. Such techniques would help to focus more detailed investigations needed to verify the extent and source of the gas being emitted. It is envisaged that they would be used in conjunction with established field and laboratory techniques and continuous monitoring methods as part of an overall monitoring strategy for a CO2 storage site.