Measurements of non-wetting phase trapping applied to carbon dioxide storage

We measure the trapped non-wetting phase saturation as a function of the initial saturation in sand packs. The application of the work is for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage in aquifers where capillary trapping is a rapid and effective mechanism to render injected CO2 immobile. We used analogue fluids at ambient conditions. The trapped saturation initially rises linearly with initial saturation to a value of 0.11 for oil/water systems and 0.14 for gas/water systems. There then follows a region where the residual saturation is constant with further increases in initial saturation.