A CFD-process model of steam generation in a power plant by a thermosyphon system

A novel combined CFD-process model of steam generation in a coal-fired natural circulation boiler is driven by heat flux data from a detailed CFD simulation of the furnace. The circulation mass flow at steady-state is calculated and the fluid-side heat transfer coefficient as a function of height is post-processed and can be linked back to the flux boundary condition in the CFD model. It is demonstrated that the circulation rate is approximately 8 times the feed flow, which is significantly higher than the “rule of thumb” values of 3-5 times the feed flow. The resulting model can provide vital information on the operation of steam generation systems in coal-fired power plants and lead to the development of improved control strategies with increased opportunity for flexibility of operation and reduction of thermal stresses in the tube walls.