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Large reserves of shale gas and unconventional gases worldwide will ensure that hydrogen remains produced mainly via the catalytic steam reforming process (C-SR) for the next few decades. In conventional C-SR, the most energy intensive step is the production of syngas (CO+H 2 ) in the primary reformer which relies...
Calcium looping shows significant promise for CO 2 capture. The process can lead to an energy penalty as low as 6 - 8 % including the compression of the lean CO 2 stream, compared to 9.5 - 12.5 % for amine-based post-combustion capture. To implement this technology on an industrial...
This project focuses on enhancing the flexibility of amine based post-combustion capture systems 1.To evaluate the flexible operation capabilities of current post-combustion CCS plant designs via dynamic scenario testing at pilot scale. 2.To identify hardware bottlenecks to dynamic operation and suggest improvements. 3.To develop new instrumentation, operating strategies and control...
Project overview Oxy-fuel (coal or biomass) combustion significantly changes the heat transfer properties of power plant furnaces. Thus future power plants using oxy-fuel technology will rely greatly on computational modelling. This project aims to collect combustion and heat transfer data from both small and large scale furnaces and to validate...
The elevated cost of carbon capture and storage (CCS) is currently hindering its implementation at large scale. We aim to design a ‘perfect’ solvent for the capture of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). >>Download the poster
Project overview Aqueous amine scrubbing is currently considered to be the best available technology of carbon capture for both pulverised fuel and natural gas power plants. A major problem is the thermo-oxidative degradation of chemical amine solvents used, leading to a range of operational problems and the generation of large...
Project overview Calcium (carbonate) looping is a promising carbon capture technology, which has been successfully demonstrated using a slip stream from the exhaust of a large-scale power plant. CO 2 is captured as CaCO 3 , and is then calcined to release a pure stream of CO 2 suitable for...
The aim of the Bio-CAP-UK project is to accelerate progress towards achieving operational excellence for flexible, efficient and environmentally sustainable bio-CCS thermal power plants by developing and assessing fundamental knowledge, pilot plant tests and techno economic and life cycle studies. In terms of assessing CO 2 capture, the UK CCS...
Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas and methods of capturing these emissions from power stations and industry are being developed. Studies have shown that without capturing our carbon emissions it will be very much more expensive to meet our decarbonisation commitments. However the changing mix of power plant and...
Carbonate looping, which is based on the reversible carbonation reaction of CO 2 with a metal oxide, is regarded as an emerging CO 2 capture technology that can reduce electric efficiency penalties to 5-8% points. The main reason behind such improvement is the high-temperature operation (500-950 deg. C) of carbonate...

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