Project overview Aqueous amine scrubbing is currently considered to be the best available technology of carbon capture for both pulverised fuel and natural gas power plants. A major problem is the thermo-oxidative degradation of chemical amine solvents used, leading to […]

Project overview Measurement and monitoring of CO2 flows across the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) chain are essential to ensure accurate accounting of captured CO2 and help prevent leaking during transportation to storage sites. The significant changes in physical properties […]

Large reserves of shale gas and unconventional gases worldwide will ensure that hydrogen remains produced mainly via the catalytic steam reforming process (C-SR) for the next few decades. In conventional C-SR, the most energy intensive step is the production of […]

For a wide adoption of the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology, it is essential to provide a commercial operator with a reassurance of the predictability of their proposed site for CO2 storage through geochemical monitoring techniques. This is particular […]

Project overview We combine pore scale digital rock physics, reservoir condition special core analysis, and reservoir simulation to evaluate the performance of CO2 storage for the major target storage regions of the UK. Key objectives: Develop a dataset of relative […]

Calcium looping shows significant promise for CO2 capture. The process can lead to an energy penalty as low as 6 – 8 % including the compression of the lean CO2 stream, compared to 9.5 – 12.5 % for amine-based post-combustion capture. […]

Monitoring the composition of mixtures which are of relevance to Carbon Capture and Storage pipelines is of high importance for the safe transportation of CO2 during the CCS process. Captured CO2 will contain varying amounts of impurities such as N2, […]

Project overview Captured carbon dioxide(CO2) from CCS operations needs to be transported to the storage location. Metering of the flow could be challenging due to the presence of impurities as well as unusual physical properties of the CO2 with impurities. […]

This project focuses on enhancing the flexibility of amine based post-combustion capture systems1.To evaluate the flexible operation capabilities of current post-combustion CCS plant designs via dynamic scenario testing at pilot scale.2.To identify hardware bottlenecks to dynamic operation and suggest improvements.3.To […]

Project overview Oxy-fuel (coal or biomass) combustion significantly changes the heat transfer properties of power plant furnaces. Thus future power plants using oxy-fuel technology will rely greatly on computational modelling. This project aims to collect combustion and heat transfer data […]

Project Overview Pipelines are acknowledged as one of the most efficient and cost-effective methods for transporting large volumes of various fluids over long distances and therefore the majority of proposed schemes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) involve high pressure […]

The elevated cost of carbon capture and storage (CCS) is currently hindering its implementation at large scale. We aim to design a ‘perfect’ solvent for the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2). >>Download the poster

Background Highly-depleted gas fields represent prime potential targets for large-scale storage of captured CO2 emitted from industrial sources and fossil-fuel power plants. Given the potentially low reservoir pressures as well as the unique thermodynamic properties of CO2, especially in the […]

Project overview Aqueous amine scrubbing is currently considered to be the best available technology of carbon capture for both pulverised fuel and natural gas power plants. A major problem is the thermo-oxidative degradation of chemical amine solvents used, leading to […]

Project overview Calcium (carbonate) looping is a promising carbon capture technology, which has been successfully demonstrated using a slip stream from the exhaust of a large-scale power plant. CO2 is captured as CaCO3, and is then calcined to release a […]

The main storage-related challenges for accelerated deployment of CCS are capacity, confidence and cost. Pre-ACT is an industry-driven research project with a strong focus on improving strategies for monitoring and management of pore pressure distribution to address these challenges. Pre-ACT […]

As the only technology that can substantially reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, CCS is an essential component in essentially all IPCC scenarios that limit global warming to below 2.3°C. Indeed, without CCS, it will be extremely difficult to keep […]

DETECT aims to significantly improve our ability to evaluate risks of leakage across faulted and fractured caprocks, so as to better inform operators, regulators and other stakeholders in their risk mitigation strategies. The results from this study will be incorporated […]

The ALIGN-CCUS (ALIGN) project is a joint industry-led research initiative to accelerate the demonstration and implementation of the next-phase of European CCUS projects by addressing specific R&D gaps across the CCUS chain. The mission of ALIGN is to overcome hurdles […]

Project Acorn is a low cost CCS system in NE Scotland which could be operational by 2023. It will exploit redundant North Sea gas distribution assets. It is led by the CCS project development advisors Pale Blue Dot Energy and […]

In the UK, power generation is achieved mostly through the combustion of fossil fuels from remote power stations at a low-efficiency rate of 40%. This can lead to a large depletion of energy resources and pollution to environment. In reality, […]

The shale gas revolution in North America has transformed the energy sector in terms of prices, consumption, and helped to reduce CO2 emission. In the UK, unconventional gas could replace rapidly depleting North Sea reserves and help to build a […]

This project will lay the basis of a training model for automated evaluation of georesources using the vast knowledge that can be acquired studying the global catalogue of subsurface datasets held by geo-energy companies. The current global energy climate is […]

 ‘Delivering affordable energy and clean growth’ is a crucial goal in the green paper “Building Our Industrial Strategy”. Clean gas extraction and safe carbon storage, are two essential aspects in achieving this goal. The precise reconstruction of the pore networks […]

We will integrate structure characterization, molecular simulation and process modelling methods into a single computational toolbox and apply this toolbox to explore the scope and accuracy of multi-scale approaches in the assessment of performance of porous materials in adsorption and […]

One of the most efficient methods for reducing energy consumption in buildings and therefore global CO2 emission is the reduction of heat loss and gain via surface coatings. Since this constitutes over 40% of the building cooling and heating load, […]

Since the Industrial Revolution, mankind has started to heavily interfere with the natural carbon cycle by extracting and burning increasingly larger amounts of fossil fuels, which has led to release huge amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere at an unprecedented […]

Carbon capture and storage is crucial for reduction of the climate impact of fossil fuel consumption and the only way for the UK to retain energy security without breaching CO2 quotas1. The Utsira sandstone is one of the largest and […]

Recognition of the deleterious impact that greenhouse gas emissions have for global climate has led scientists to seek ways and means to sequester CO2. As a consequence, there has been a significant research effort to identify geological storage sites in […]

Injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) into deep geological formations is recognized worldwide as the only realistic mitigation technology that can reduce current anthropogenic CO2 emissions to meet national targets by 2050. However, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) have aroused public concerns […]

One of the general findings from the latest Assessment Report of the United Nations IPCC is that warming of the atmosphere and ocean system is unequivocal. There is also no doubt that this will impact on northern peatlands which store […]

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has widely been considered, both globally and in the UK, as a crucial part of global low carbon energy portfolio required to control the rise in global mean temperature below 2 degree C above pre-industrial […]

A renewed interest in understanding the geomechanical properties of organic rich mudstones is driven by their importance as unconventional hydrocarbon reservoirs and as sealing units to carbon sequestration sites. Difficulty in extracting good quality core for laboratory determination of mechanical […]

Reducing CO2 emissions to reduce global climate change is one of the greatest technological challenges facing humanity. The objective of this research project is to investigate the feasibility of using highly CO2 permeable membranes for carbon capture in order to […]

This proposal aims to make a step change in the precision and accuracy of our knowledge of the distribution of peatlands in the tropics, and to develop a capacity to predict and monitor future changes to the carbon storage function […]

The Earth’s climate is warming and sea levels are rising around the globe, flooding and eroding our coasts. One important type of coastal environment that is at risk are saltmarshes. These are vegetated tidal flats that are tucked away in […]

In a world powered by combustion engines, CO2 emissions represents a global environmental and technological challenge. Selective membranes for CO2 capture are key pieces to the carbon capture and storage puzzle, but remain out of reach for full-scale industrial applications […]

Aims The aim of the project is to use simple inorganic systems to selectively capture atmospheric CO2 and convert it to the carbonate anion for use in a series of functional inorganic materials. The mechanism and catalytic activity of the […]

In this fellowship the integrity of the overburden stratigraphy above the primary seal of potential CCS reservoirs in the North Sea will be investigated. It has become increasingly clear that new sources of renewable energy will be insufficient for helping […]

Fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas and coal, provide approximately 80% of the world’s energy supplies. During the burning of fossil fuels, carbon is released as carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a potent greenhouse gas: when released into the […]

Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas and methods of capturing these emissions from power stations and industry are being developed. Studies have shown that without capturing our carbon emissions it will be very much more expensive to meet our […]

Carbonate looping, which is based on the reversible carbonation reaction of CO2 with a metal oxide, is regarded as an emerging CO2 capture technology that can reduce electric efficiency penalties to 5-8% points. The main reason behind such improvement is […]

Aqueous amine scrubbing at its various forms is currently the best available technology and has been demonstrated at various scales. However, despite the intensive developments at various scales over recent years, its large energy penalty, equivalent up to 20% of […]

Cost-effective Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) offers one option for meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, reached at COP 21 in December 2015. Whilst there have been major efforts to develop technologies for capture and storage, transportation between the […]

Cost-effective Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) offers one option for meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, reached at COP 21 in December 2015. Whilst there have been major efforts to develop technologies for capture and storage, transportation between the […]

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation (CDU) is the transformation of carbon dioxide waste in to value added products. This has the effect of eliminating new fossil carbon entering the supply chain and removing the CO2 (one of the main greenhouse gases) from […]

Reducing CO2 emissions to reduce global climate change is one of the greatest technological challenges facing humanity. The objective of this research project is to investigate the feasibility of using highly CO2 permeable membranes for carbon capture in order to […]

​ROLINCAP will search, identify and test novel phase-change solvents, including aqueous and non-aqueous options, as well as phase-change packed bed and Rotating Packed Bed processes for post-combustion CO2 capture. These are high-potential technologies, still in their infancy, with initial evidence […]

​Global warming resulting from the emission of greenhouse gases has received widespread attention with international action from governments and industries, including a number of collaborative programs, such as SET-Plan, and very recently the International Climate Change hold 2015 in Paris. […]

​Membrane separation processes can be applied to many capture processes from Pre-Combustion ( CO2-H2 / CO2-CH4 separation) to Post-Combustion (CO2-N2) and Oxyfuel (O2-N2) and are generally endowed with high flexibility and potentially low operative costs with respect to other capture […]

​The FReSMe project, From Residual Steel gases to Methanol, will produce a methanol that will be demonstrated in ship transportation. This green fuel will be produced from CO2, recovered from an industrial Blast Furnace, and H2 recovered both from the […]

​The renewed UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre (UKCCSRC) provides key fundamental research and coordination activities to help the UK to meet future energy targets. Building on the success of the current UKCCSRC, the new centre grant, starting in […]

​To meet the ambitious EC target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) needs to move rapidly towards full scale implementation with geological storage solutions both on and offshore. Onshore storage offers […]

​This is a GGR Topic-specific proposal Up to 200 billion tonnes of slag may be produced over the next century as a by-product of the iron and steel industry, which could theoretically sequester up to 90 to 155 billion tonnes […]

GGR Consortium: FAB GGR Future climate change is projected to have overall negative impacts on many aspects of human society (e.g. health, availability of food, rising sea levels) and on natural ecosystems (e.g. loss of biodiversity). In Paris in December […]

GGR Consortium: FAB GGR Future climate change is projected to have overall negative impacts on many aspects of human society (e.g. health, availability of food, rising sea levels) and on natural ecosystems (e.g. loss of biodiversity). In Paris in December […]

​​GGR Consortium: FAB GGR Future climate change is projected to have overall negative impacts on many aspects of human society (e.g. health, availability of food, rising sea levels) and on natural ecosystems (e.g. loss of biodiversity). In Paris in December […]

​ Meeting the Paris climate change commitments will be extraordinarily challenging, and even if they are met, may require extensive global deployment of greenhouse gas removal (GGR) technologies resulting in net negative emissions. If certain major emitters do not meet […]

​GGR Consortium: FAB GGR Future climate change is projected to have overall negative impacts on many aspects of human society (e.g. health, availability of food, rising sea levels) and on natural ecosystems (e.g. loss of biodiversity). In Paris in December […]

​Greenhouse gas removal (GGR) technologies have the potential to help counter global warming by lowering the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. They might therefore be needed alongside mitigation technologies (e.g. solar panels) that help reduce emissions of greenhouse […]

​FLEXIS aims to promote and develop projects on Flexible Integrated Energy Systems. FLEXIS is a pan-Wales energy research project. Led by Cardiff University, FLEXIS includes the leading energy academics from Cardiff University, Swansea University and the University of South Wales, FLEXIS will focus […]

​ ETI will invest £650,000 in the nine month projectThe project will develop an outline scheme and ‘template’ gas power plant design, identify potential sites and build a credible cost base for such a schemeAECOM and the University of Sheffield will also […]

ECCSEL encompasses selected Centres of Excellence on Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage research (CCS) from 9 countries across Europe.  The current ECCSEL Transitional Implementation Phase focusses on establishing and initiating operations of this new world class distributed CCS research infrastructure […]

The proposed project deals with liquefaction of CO2 and its transportation by ship either for storage or enhanced oil recovery, and the impact of impurities on loading and unloading scenarios. There is little experience of handling liquid CO2 under shipping […]

Industrial emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), including fossil fuel power generation, are recognised as a likely agent of global climate change and acidification of the oceans, but most economies will remain dependent on these technologies for the next few decades. […]

Industrial emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), including fossil fuel power generation, are recognised as a likely agent of global climate change and acidification of the oceans, but most economies will remain dependent on these technologies for the next few decades. […]

The motivation for this proposal is that the global reliance on fossil fuels is set to increase with the rapid growth of Asian economies and major discoveries of shale gas in developed nations. The strategic vision of the IDC is […]

Industry is responsible for 25% of carbon dioxide emissions from the European Union with around 60% of these emissions coming from the energy-intensive chemical, petrol refining, cement, steel and cement industries. The products of these process plants are fundamental to […]

LEILAC (Low Emissions Intensity Lime And Cement) is a European Union Horizon 2020 (H2020) research and innovation project. LEILAC will pilot a breakthrough carbon capture technology that would enable both Europe’s cement and lime industries to reduce their carbon dioxide […]

The storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the chief technological means of reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. The process requires capturing CO2 at source (e.g. coal-fired power plants), transporting CO2 to the injection […]

The storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the chief technological means of reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. The process requires capturing CO2 at source (e.g. coal-fired power plants), transporting CO2 to the injection […]

The storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the chief technological means of reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. The process requires capturing CO2 at source (e.g. coal-fired power plants), transporting CO2 to the injection […]

CEMCAP will demonstrate CO2 capture technologies for the cement industry in an industrially relevant environment (TRL 6). Existing pilot-scale test rigs, adapted to replicate realistic cement plant operating conditions, will mainly be employed, and in addition a dedicated clinker cooler […]

  The GATEWAY project will provide a common strategic decision basis, enabling all stakeholders to identify and implement measures that can accelerate development, up-take, and deployment of technologies needed for realisation of large scale CCS projects based on European CO2 […]

The storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the chief technological means of reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. The process requires capturing CO2 at source (e.g. coal-fired power plants), transporting CO2 to the injection […]

Offshore storage of CO2 in depleted oil and gas reservoirs and saline aquifers is the option of choice for most European nations, and there is currently one operational storage complex (Sleipner, Norway), and several other commercial scale demonstration projects are […]

CO2 emissions from industry occur typically from a number of small, low concentration sources with a wide range of flue gas compositions and impurity profiles. For example, in a refinery, CO2 is emitted from many process furnaces, hydrogen production units […]

Research challenge – The key challenges in carbon capture from industry lie in the wide range of conditions (temperature, pressure, composition) and scale of the processes encountered in industrial applications. For carbon capture from industrial sources the drivers and mechanisms […]

This multidisciplinary proposal unites leading engineers and scientists from the Universities of Heriot-Watt, Hull and Newcastle to realise our vision of integrating novel hydrotalcite solid sorbents with advanced heat integration processes for industrial CO2 capture. Hydrotalcite materials present a big […]

The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) has launched a new project, which will study the impact of removing brine from undersea stores that could, in future, be used to store captured carbon dioxide. The £200,000 nine-month long “Impact of Brine Production […]

Funded under the EU Horizon 2020 umbrella, STEMM-CCS is an ambitious Research and Innovation Action on geological CO2 storage that will deliver new insights, guidelines for best practice, and tools for all phases of the CO2 storage cycle at offshore […]

SME Consultants Pale Blue Dot Energy will work on a new project with up to £2.5m of funding provided by the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) The project will identify the next phase of sites under the North […]

CO2 originating from capture processes is generally not pure and can contain impurities such as N2, H2, CO, water, SO2, NO2, Ar (i.e., annex gases). The presence of these impurities leads to challenging engineering, flow assurance issues, as well as […]

FEED Study for a CCS plant capable of capturing up to 95% of CO2 emissions from coal fired power stations Project aimed at pre-combustion Involves CO2 removal by physical seperation ETI have invested £3.5m to date in a project with […]

£2m investment in the UK’s first drilling assessment of a saline formation site Site is 70km off the Yorkshire coast. Involved drilling a well in the seabed to gather data ETI have co-invested £2m in a National Grid project which […]

Project to increase the understanding of the economics and potential use of energy systems involving low carbon hydrogen production, storage and flexible turbine technology Mapping of suitable hydrogen storage salt cavern sites in the UK Potential to fill the gap […]

£1m collaboration project to develop a marine monitoring system for underwater CCS sites Monitoring system will use marine robotics to provide assurance CCS sites are secure Project delivered by a consortium from academia and industry The project will be led […]

The emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere has caused huge concerns around the world, in particular because it is widely believed that the increase in its concentration in the atmosphere is a key driver of climate change. If the […]

The UK Government has set targets for the reduction of CO2 emissions of 80 % by 2050. Post-combustion capture of CO2 from power plants is key if we are to achieve these targets. Post-combustion CO2 capture is challenging due to […]

UK electricity generation still relies around 80% on fossil fuels, with a resulting carbon intensity – the amount of carbon emitted to the atmosphere per unit of electricity generated – ten times higher than the level recommended to avoid dangerous […]

The UK needs carbon capture and storage (CCS) as part of its energy mix to minimise the cost of decarbonising our economy. CCS will have to fit into an electricity market that is increasingly dominated by inflexible nuclear and uncontrollable […]

The project’s aim is to comprehend the hydrodynamic aspects of the oil extraction process. This process, in general, includes two stages: dissolution of oil and displacement of a solution from porous media. The focus of the project is, therefore, twofold: […]

The vision of the proposed research is to develop activated carbon adsorbents and system models to improve the efficiency, flexibility and operability of IGCC processes . Novel activated carbon (AC) adsorbents prepared from resin precursors have the ability to be […]

To achieve the UK’s ambitious target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, it is widely accepted that from ca. 2030 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) needs to be fitted to both coal and natural gas fired power […]

The overall goal of PANACEA is to develop the tools required for the transition from research and development activities to large-scale, industrial, deployment of CO2 storage. This requires a scientifically based technological approach consisting of five main inter-related objectives: 1. […]

Global climate change is the major environmental challenge today. In order to prevent a significant rise in average temperatures, the International Energy Agency calculates that global emissions of greenhouse gasses – primarily carbon dioxide (CO2) – will need to be […]

Characterisation of the polymers produced using CO2 from a power station. The polymers produced, could replace polymers derived from petroleum feedstocks.

The UK Pilot-Scale Advanced Capture Technology (PACT) shared facilities, based in Sheffield, will offer one site for a unique set of pilot-scale combustion, gasification and post-combustion capture facilities that can operate in a wide range of modes. It will be […]

This 10-month feasibility project seeks to determine a highly novel & desirable method by which captured CO2 may be converted to value products via a mineralisation process utilising a hazardous compound found in landfill leachate; ammonia. A combination of waste […]

feasibility project to determine novel & cost effective method to convert captured CO2 into commodity product via a mineralisation process using a new genetically engineered microalgae. and a patented microbubble technology within a bioreactor-based process

Engineering feasibility study to establish technological/ financial/ operational issues of using hydrogen from renewable energy sources to turn CO2 (from industrial sources) into synthetic methane; its role as a demand side management technology and potential as scalable energy storage.

Validate benefits of novel process to produce fertliser from plant derived material combined with CO2. Use of marine transport will be assessed for economic distribution of agricultural product produced

Detailed study of availability and distribution of suitable materials to economically capture and store CO2 emissions Abundance of materials to meet mitigation targets Challenges remain to make the process economically attractive and to reduce its energy use This £1m project, […]

European Spectrometry Systems and the National Physical Laboratory are engaged in building a new type of quadrupole mass spectrometer instrument and testing its performance for monitoring emissions from power stations that simultaneously burn biomass and fossil fuel. Biomass is a […]

Development of microseismic tools for post-injection monitoring of containment efficiency of underground carbon storage

The capture and storage of carbon dioxide from energy intensive industries is vital to their long term viability in the UK. CCS from large single point emitters will be effected by means of CCS “clusters” in which several producers send […]

Burial of CO2 as a fluid deep within the earth will assist humankind curb emissions of greenhouse gases and help us transition to a future in which renewable and other low-carbon energies meet our needs. As with any waste disposal […]

Assess suitability of available metering technologies for use in CO2 transportation by pipeline

Develop techniques and overall system for monitoring for CO2 in marine and shallow-subsurface environment

CO2 Monitoring for downhole applications and field trial

This project will deliver new, leading-edge sensor and measurement technologies to monitor and assess the efficiency and safety of carbon capture, transport, injection and storage to comply with EU regulation. Carbon Capture and Storage is a key accessible climate change […]

Fundamental to the safe and efficient management of storage of CO2 in geological formations is the ability to monitor the position and amount of CO2. Existing monitoring techniques, although effective at detecting the presence of CO2, have limitations in their […]

Technical evaluation of using torrified biomass from the “Rotawave” process to economically reduce carbon output from coal-fired power generation

Development of high performance materials to enable higher pressure turbine operation and in turn higher pressure temperature and pressure supercritical CO2 power generation cycle to capture emissions at low cost

Advancement of the safe design and operation of gas turbines using hydrogen-based fuels Identifying the bounds of safe design and operation Aim to increase the range of fuels that can be safely used in power and heat generating plant Hydrogen […]

FRETSGATE will develop a novel optical temperature sensor with the potential to reduce CO2 emissions from UK power generation by 1 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) through efficiency gains. Gas Turbines (GTs) for power generation produce 40% of UK electricity […]

The project explores the link between welding process and cross-weld creep strength for CSEF steel P92 and also the relationship between specimen geometry and weld width. Five different welding processes are being used to fabricate joints in P92 to allow […]

The key goal of IMPACT is to improve the efficiency of future steel-based coal-fired power plant, and hence reduce carbon emissions, by: (1) Improved high temperature capability of welded thick section high alloy steel components in steam plant (boiler, pipework, […]

Gas turbine operation in aggressive environments.Develop and verify life prediction methods for corrosion assisted fatigue that will allow plant to be operated safely under more arduous conditions.

Engineering approached to carbon abatement need to be multi-faceted and based on cost-effective, energy effective solutions with high reliability and durability. Carbon Abatement Technologies will result in more aggressive component operating conditions. To improve component reliability it is proposed to […]

Coating development to improve steam plant reliability

cmcl innovations leads the C-FAST project, which aims to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels and commodity chemicals with a negative/neutral carbon footprint. The C-FAST (patent-filed) plant design uniquely combines sustainable and renewable energy (e.g. solar and wind) sources with algal biomass […]

Process standardization, intensification and industrial scale up for novel solvents that will reduce solvent regeneration energy footprint.

New solvent testing

Develop an innovative, algae based solution for the significant reduction of large scale industrial CO2 emissions.

Advanced technology to reduce cost and capture penalty for retrofit and new-build gas-fired power stations. Stage 1: design study (August 2012 – January 2014) £0.8M; Stage 2: c5 MW pilot (2014 – 2017) £10M) Project to accelerate the development of […]

demonstrate 2nd generation carbon capture technology on an industrial chemicals site: Carbon Water Exchange (CWX), an innovative, electro-chemical based sequestration technology that remediates principally CO2, SOx&NOx from fossil fuel combustion emissions.

The goal was to create a detailed computer process simulation and then to perform a basic process engineering feasibility study of the novel Timmins technology, and to benchmark its estimated performance and costs, in pre-capture CCS mode (90% CO2 capture […]

Calix Ltd is developing a new technology for carbon capture from syngas, applicable to power generation (CCGT or IGCC), steel and cement industries. It is a new approach based on calcium looping, applied to pre-combustion capture, to shift and decarbonise […]

Development of calcium looping technology. This 3MWe demonstrator is the basis for scale up to 50MWt units for (i) industrial applications (ii) in multiple units to decarbonise the fuel gas of NGCC or IGCC power stations.

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with CO2 Capture and Storage (IGCC-CCS) is a uniquely advantaged technology for the generation of low-carbon power since it produces hydrogen as a decarbonised fuel. The Water Gas Shift (WGS) reaction is a key step in […]

Project to support the future design, operation and roll-out of cost effective CCS systems in the UK A modelling tool-kit capable of simulating the operation of all aspects of the CCS chain Support initial conceptual design and eventual detailed design […]

The joint UK-China near Zero Emissions Coal (NZEC) initiative addresses the challenge of increasing energy production from coal in China and the need to tackle growing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Carbon dioxide emissions from China’s increasing coal use are set […]

Significant transformations in the way the UK supplies, manages and consumes its energy will be essential if current climate change targets are to be achieved. Public acceptance and attitudes will play an important factor in implementing changes to the energy […]

The passive monitoring of microseismic events can provide a cheap and effective means for monitoring spatial and temporal variations in sub-surface properties. These microearthquakes will occur naturally due to regional tectonic stresses, but can be also induced through exploitation activities […]

Assessment of risks of leakage from geological storage due to long-term exposure of caprocks and faults to CO2 and CO2-rich fluids. Project will sample caprocks to natural carbon dioxide reservoirs in Utah, USA.

The CAPPCCO project aims to: Develop a carbon capture characteristics database for existing & planned plants Develop and assess capture options for planned new pulverised coal (PC) plants Develop and assess capture options for existing PC plants Investigate special issues […]

The project is aimed at performing a techno-economic analysis and recommending a set of biomass fuelled power generation technologies coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS), thereby contributing towards setting up a “biomass CCS roadmap”.

Advanced Surface Protection to Enable Carbon Abatement Technologies


Engineering approaches to carbon abatement need to be multi-faceted and based on cost-effective, energy effective solutions with high reliability and durability. Carbon Abatement Technologies will result in more aggressive component operating conditions. To improve component reliability it is proposed to […]

The main goal is to design, construct, commission a 100t/d pilot plant and successfully execute a test programme based on the below objectives. The primary objectives of the CCPilot100+ Test Programme are: Prove the technological application of the amine based […]

CO2 post-combustion capture systems on power plants are unlikely to operate at true steady state for any length of time. Even if the power plant output is nominally stable then factors such as changes in coal properties, firing patterns, excess […]

The TRANSPACC project seeks to move beyond current concepts for designing CO2 absorption columns for base-load operation, and move towards new column designs capable of meeting the requirements for fast, flexible and highly dynamic operation of fossil plants fitted with […]

Power plants constitute one of the largest CO2 emitting sectors. With increased emphasis on abatement of emissions to meet the 2030 deadline set by the UK Committee on Climate Change, the power-plant sector is relying on CCS retrofits using post-combustion […]

Address key penalties for oxyfuel combustion of coal and biomass in boiler plant through novel application of innovative CO2 separation and compression technology.

Develop innovative absorber configurations to lower the cost of CCS electricity generation from fossil fuel (or biomass) combustion

●Produced the UK’s first CO2 storage appraisal database ● Allows for more informed decisions on the economics of storage opportunities ● Licensed to The Crown Estate and the British Geological Survey (BGS) and publically available under the brand of CO2 […]

Research and Development in Coal-fired Supercritical Power Plant with Post-combustion Carbon Capture using Process System Engineering technologies

The objectives of the project are to reduce the risks to the economic and business case and inform the regulatory framework for the development of multi-user regional CO2 storage assets. These objectives are to be met by: • Carrying out […]

National Grid is progressing the £8-million COOLTRANS (CO2Liquid pipeline TRANSportation) research programme to address and resolve the key issues relating to the safe routeing, design and construction of onshore pipelines for the transportation of anthropogenic, high- pressure, dense-phase, carbon dioxide […]

The project is funded by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Australia Global CCS Institute (GCCSI) with a 5 million Yuan grant (equal to £500,000). ? I also initiated the ‘CCS Ready Hub’ Concept through research of stationary […]

As part of the Sixth European Union’s Framework Programme for research and technological development, under the Marie Curie actions programme designed to support the training and mobility of researchers throughout Europe, the early stage training (EST) project ‘COFLUIDS’ was setup […]

The main objective of the BIGCCS Centre is to contribute to the ambitious targets in the Climate agreement in the Norwegian parliament in February 2008. Hence, provide additionality through promoting CCS. The BIGCCS Centre will enable sustainable power generation from […]

This research will evaluate climate change mitigation options in China and India and the conditions for a strategic cooperation on RD&D and technology transfer with EU. This project will identify and assess technology options that might significantly reduce greenhouse gases […]

The FENCO-ERA.NET is a key component of an overall carbon management strategy. It complements the HY-CO ERA-NET for hydrogen and fuel cells that in the foreseeable future will rely of fossil based technologies. It also has synergies with the Bioenergy […]

The geological storage of CO2 provides a significant option to mitigate CO2 emissions, contributing to the achievement of Kyoto (and successor) targets in a world where economic growth will depend on fossil fuels for the next several decades. The first […]

CO2 capture and storage is increasingly being considered as a serious option to mitigate climate change. While industry and governments, mostly in North Western Europe, have taken on the effort of realizing large scale CCS operations, the option has started […]

This project is aiming at the scaling-up of one of the most promising concepts for CO2 capture from coal power plants: postcombustion carbonate looping systems. This project focuses on the experimental pilot testing and scaling up of the process at […]

The CO2QUEST proposal addresses the fundamentally important issues regarding the impact of the typical impurities in the gas or dense phase CO2 stream captured from fossil fuel power plants on its safe and economic transportation and storage. The proposed work […]

This project addresses the fundamentally important and urgent issue regarding the accurate predictions of fluid phase, discharge rate, emergency isolation and subsequent atmospheric dispersion during accidental releases from pressurised CO2 pipelines to be employed as an integral part of large […]

The overall objective of this project is to provide and demonstrate technical solutions which will allow the use of state-of-the-art highly efficient, reliable gas turbines in the next generation of IGCC plants, suitable for combusting undiluted hydrogen-rich syngas derived from […]

The EU has made significant progress in CCS as a bridging technology for combating climate change, but this must now accelerate and be spread evenly throughout EU Member States and Associated Countries. In this context, CO2GeoNet, CO2NET EAST and ENeRG […]

Although significant leakage from CO2 storage sites is not expected, if it did occur there could be adverse environmental consequences, which are not well constrained. The objective of RISCS is to provide fundamental research on environmental impacts, necessary to underpin […]

SiteChar will facilitate the implementation of CO2 storage in Europe by improving and extending standard site characterisation workflows, and by establishing the feasibility of CO2 storage on representative potential CO2 complexes suitable for development in the near term. Reasonable estimates […]

CO2CARE aims to support the large scale demonstration of CCS technology by addressing the research requirements of CO2 storage site abandonment. It will deliver technologies and procedures for abandonment and post-closure safety, satisfying the regulatory requirements for transfer of responsibility. […]

Carbon Capture and Sequestration has become an important technology to comply with the CO2 reduction targets set by the EC. However CCS has the drawback that the electrical efficiency of the coal fired power plant will drop significantly. To overcome […]

The ECO2 project sets out to assess the risks associated with the storage of CO2 below the seabed. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is regarded as a key technology for the reduction of CO2 emissions from power plants and other […]

ULTimateCO2 will: 1) significantly advance our knowledge of specific processes that could influence the long-term (LT) fate of geologically stored CO2 and 2) yield validated tools for predicting LT storage site performance. The 4-year collaborative programme will cover detailed lab, […]

Most coal-fired utility boilers are fired with pulverised coal and the use of this technology for power generation far outweighs that of alternatives. The consortium has identified key issues that need to be addressed to pave the way for full-scale […]

The aim of the Bio-CAP-UK project is to accelerate progress towards achieving operational excellence for flexible, efficient and environmentally sustainable bio-CCS thermal power plants by developing and assessing fundamental knowledge, pilot plant tests and techno economic and life cycle studies. […]

Fault risk remains a key parameter in evaluating the potential for trapping CO2 in the subsurface, yet very little is known about the conditions under which CO2 and CO2/hydrocarbon mixtures are retained by faults. The project will investigate the roles […]

The project will three-dimensionally image hydraulically conductive features in the reservoir, caprock and overburden of an active CO2 injection site: the Aquistore site, Canada. Our research will provide important information on potential migration pathways within the storage complex to inform […]

A key element of risk assessment for the geological storage of CO2 offshore is the monitoring of transport of leaks from the subsurface via shallow sediments in the marine environment, including its effect on the ecosystem. In 2012, the NERC-funded […]

We aim to de-risk the development of the major potential CO2 storage reservoirs in the UK sector of the Northern and Central North Sea by developing our understanding of the geometry and properties of the overburden above the potential reservoirs […]

This project will tackle one of the key technical challenges facing the development of commercially viable CO2 transport networks: modelling the phase behaviour of impure carbon dioxide, under the conditions typically found in carbon capture from power stations, and in […]

This project will determine the dew point of water, or “water solubility”, in impure CO2 mixtures (e.g. containing N2 and H2). At present, key data for defining water levels have not been determined. The data are important because liquid water […]

This project will develop and experimentally validate a heterogeneous flow model for predicting the transient depressurisation and outflow following the puncture of dense phase CO2 pipelines containing typical impurities. Such data is expected to serve as the source term for […]

This project will produce and disseminate the first design and operating guidelines for the flexible operation of CCS pipeline networks. The research will explore how CCS pipeline networks can react effectively to short, medium and long term variations in the […]

While chemical looping (combustion, CLC) is a promising technology for carbon capture, however many questions still remain as to its applicability at an industrial scale. In Chemical looping combustion a metal oxide is shuttled back and forth between a fuel […]

Conventional power generation in the UK faces a significant challenge in the face of decarbonising and maintaining a reliable, secure and cost effective electricity supply. The requirement for fossil-fuel based systems to integrate smoothly with CCS technologies has led to […]

Membrane processes are a promising alternative to the more classical post-combustion capture technologies due to the reduced maintenance of the process, the absence of dangerous solvents and their smaller footprint. This project aims at supporting the development of new mixed […]

The project will investigate the impacts of real flue gas and vent gas recycling on the combustion performance, emissions, ignition and flame stability of oxy-coal combustion by means of 250kW PACT facility testing and comprehensively validated CFD modelling, and to […]

Environmental changes in the Circumpolar Arctic have occurred faster than at lower latitudes with harmful impacts for flora, fauna and indigenous peoples. Two related developments are consequently being trialled in the Arctic that are critical to global futures: Liquefied Natural […]

Under this award we will be conducting three programmes of research: Delivering secure reliable and diverse energy in a liberalised market. This will include proper regulation of the natural monopoly elements of the electricity and gas sectors, efficient and effective […]

The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) will advance climate change policy by improving both the evidence base for decision-makers and the tools and implementation strategies available to them. To do this, a combination of qualitative and quantitative […]

his project will analyse the politics of providing ‘protective space’ for innovative sustainable developments. Sustainable innovation theory emphasises innovation processes developing within protective niches. These spaces accumulate experience through real world experimentation and help carry technologies from demonstration and into […]

Climate change is a complex social issue, involving a wide range of social actors and organisations. Debates about climate change or global warming have been characterised by long periods of slow, mainly consensus-dominated phases, and by a series of sudden […]

Rationale and Aims: Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of the mitigation strategies with the greatest potential to reduce global CO2 emissions this century. The UK is well placed to implement this technology because of its existing oil and […]

Since the Industrial Revolution, burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) has greatly increased the carbon dioxide (CO2) content of the atmosphere. The higher level of CO2 is widely accepted to be a major contributor to greenhouse warming of […]

This project will research and develop new methods to enable the assessment of risk arising from the bias introduced by alternative interpretational concepts and paradigms to the same geological data set. A crucial task for the petroleum industry is assessing […]

It is possible to capture emissions of CO2 from coal-fired power plants and store them in deep subsurface reservoirs such as mature oil reservoirs. This Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology has demonstrated the potential to reduce mankind’s greenhouse gas […]

It is possible to capture emissions of CO2 from coal fired power plants and storing them in deep subsurface reservoirs such as mature oil reservoirs. This Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology has demonstrated the potential to reduce mankind’s greenhouse […]

In 2003 BP installed a dense array of seimic recording equipment on the sea bottom above the Vallhall oil field in the North Sea. Nearly 2500 state-of-the-art seismometers were attached to 120 km of cables that cover a 45 square […]

Recent advances in high-resolution imaging of porous materials have led to a dramatic increase in the collection of digital subsurface rock samples and have stimulated the development of a capability to model the rock microstructures and to calculate macro-scale transport, […]

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies are potentially important contributors to global efforts to reduce fossil fuel emissions of CO2. If successfully developed and deployed, they could allow the continued use of fossil fuels whilst achieving large reductions in emissions. […]

Hydrocarbon extraction for energy supply, or injection of CO2 to mitigate climate change, both require a detailed knowledge of the structure of underground reservoirs, and how they evolve in response to engineering decisions (when and where to inject or extract, […]

This proposal is to use natural geological examples to evaluate the fate and ultimate safety of disposing of carbon-dioxide deep underground in geological formations. Separation of carbon-dioxide from power station fuels or exhaust products, and the injection and storage of […]

This proposal is to use natural geological examples to evaluate the fate and ultimate safety of disposing of carbon-dioxide deep underground in geological formations. Separation of carbon-dioxide from power station fuels or exhaust products, and the injection and storage of […]

The main objective of this proposal is to determining the nature and kinetics of fluid-rock interactions between CO2-rich brines and rocks, in field settings as well as in laboratory experiments, in order to formulate and test models of the behaviour […]

This proposal is to use natural geological examples to evaluate the fate and ultimate safety of disposing of carbon-dioxide deep underground in geological formations. Separation of carbon-dioxide from power station fuels or exhaust products, and the injection and storage of […]

The UK has challenging GHG reduction targets. It is believed that carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play a critical role in the energy systems of the future, in part to support the decarbonisation objective and in part to provide […]

Climate change caused by increasing emissions of CO2, principally the burning of fossil fuels for power generation, is one of the most pressing concerns for society. Currently around 90% of the UK’s energy needs are met by fossil fuels which […]

The UKCCSRC is a national UK research hub for Carbon Capture and Storage with three main priorities: Delivering Research Impact Developing Leaders Shaping Capability Strategy – The UKCCSRC will bring strategy to UK academic CCS research in support of government […]

The CO2chem network was established in April 2010 to act as a focus fro research in carbon dioxide capture and utilisastion with a remit to revolutionise the chemicals industry. It has become the UK focus for CCU and is now […]

Fossil fuels are society’s major energy sources and the primary raw materials for the chemicals industry. However, there are significant concerns associated with their sustainability, depletion and cost. In particular, many of the UK’s North Sea reserves will soon become […]

Carbon dioxide levels have risen steadily with the combustion of fossil fuels and additional positive feedback effects due to natural CO2 sources. Recycling of CO2 driven by solar/renewable energy is an effective approach to address the problem. In a recent […]

This project aims to reduce the uncertainty and risk associated with key global challenges for the 21st century – securing sustainable access to water, energy and food. The underpinning understanding of natural systems to address this challenge is, in a […]

The project team with partners from United Kingdom (UK), Greece (G) and Norway (N) proposes to use the Next Generation Technology of metagenomics and bioinformatic, for offshore post injection and long-term monitoring of CO2 storage sites. DNA extracted from seafloor […]

Bioenergy provides a significant proportion of the UK’s low carbon energy supply for heat, transport fuel and electricity. There is scope for bioenergy to provide much higher levels of low carbon energy in future, but this requires appropriate development of […]

The proposal aims to develop an international collaborative research programme under Topic 4 of the FENCO-NET call: New innovative CO2 capture technologies. The specific issues addressed in the proposal are: 1. Overall evaluation of new innovative CO2 capture processes based […]

This proposal addresses Topic 4 in the Call: New innovative CO2 capture technologies. The proposed research will address using synthetic zeolites obtained from fly ash to support impregnated and immobilised amines to facilitate CO2 post-combustion capture (PCC) in both coal […]

Chemical looping combustion aims to reduce the energy penalty in carbon capture systems by providing the oxygen for combustion from a solid oxygen carrier rather than from air. This means that the products of combustion are not diluted with nitrogen […]

The research consists of three parallel activities, within three different departments at Imperial College London: Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Materials. Chemical Engineering The Chemical Engineering activity will include the validation and demonstration of a scheme for separating CO2 from […]

Recent work carried out in this laboratory has revealed that considerable volumes of low molecular weight gases, including methane, CO2 and hydrogen, can be incorporated into structural cavities of a class of little known clathrate hydrates (or ‘gas hydrates’), namely […]

The focus of the current Supergen Plant Lifetime Extension consortium project is the development of novel tools and methodologies to extend the life of existing conventional (ageing) steam and combined cycle power plant which utilise well established materials systems that […]

Detailed numerical simulation has become central to the development and optimisation of low emissions combustor design. The comparative simplicity of the chemical kinetics describing H2 / CO combustion presents particular opportunities for the detailed investigation of the interaction between fuel-specific […]

Innovative solutions are required to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from energy production processes. Here, we propose to develop a multi-functional membrane reactor using innovative methods to produce two different novel catalytic hollow fibre membranes consisting of an outer separation layer […]

Catalytic membrane systems offer the possibility of highly selective removal of CO2 from a mixed feed gas (e.g., from a fossil fuel power station or hydrogen production plant) into an aqueous phase, and recovery of pure CO2 from the aqueous […]

The splitting of water to form oxygen and hydrogen by the action of light upon a semiconductor dispersion, often termed photoelectrolysis or photoelectrocatalysis was a very important discovery , which lead a great deal of activity aimed at water splitting […]

The project aims to produce efficient, inexpensive, visible light-absorbing, robust, high surface area, long-lasting, anion doped, titania photocatalytic monoliths for mediating the reduction of CO2 to methanol and/or methane, using high levels of CO2 and selective catalysts (such as Cu […]

This proposal for an EPSRC-NPL Postdoctoral Research Partnership addresses the call theme identified as, Photonic Technologies for Optical Remote Sensing in Carbon Capture and Storage and Other Climate Change Applications, and will be conducted in partnership with Dr Tom Gardiner, […]

The project deals with the computational chemistry of hybrid open-framework materials, aiming at investigating both fundamental and applied innovative aspects. The objectives of the project are to predict the structures, energetics and properties of hybrid organic-inorganic frameworks, and to investigate […]

CO2 is now recognised by the majority of scientists as the main greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. Many countries are now working towards reducing emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. This is being achieved by three principal means: (1) […]

This research is concerned with the flow of liquid through solids which are permeated by a network of holes; such materials are known as porous media. Understanding how a liquid will flow through a porous structure is also the key […]

Despite the high thermodynamic stability of CO2, biological systems are capable of both activating the molecule and converting it into a range of organic molecules, all of which under moderate conditions. It is clear that, if we were able to […]

The world is currently producing too much carbon dioxide and this is contributing to global warming. A significant amount of this carbon dioxide is produced at fixed sites including fossil fuel power stations, chemical plants and metal production sites. The […]

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and so a major environmental pollutant. Energy production produces vast volumes of the gas that is released in to the atmosphere. While carbon dioxide is taken up by plants and converted into useful chemical […]

Injection of carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into depleted oil reservoirs and deep saline aquifers is one viable way to combat global warming. The U.K. has the potential to take the lead in developing technologies for CO2 capture and […]

In order to meet UK Government targets to reduce CO2 emissions by 80% by 2050, rapid growth in electricity generation from intermittent renewable energy sources, in particular, wind, is required, together with increasing constraints on the operation and environmental performance […]

We seek to deliver new technologies capable of clean and cost-effective conversion of low-carbon electricity and various carbon sources, including biomass and waste, into hydrogen. We have set up a consortium to address this target involving 14 University research groups. […]

Biomass and biodegradable wastes are two of the UK’s renewable resources that remain under exploited, and that can help alleviate our dependence on fossil fuels, and contribute to a sustainable energy scenario. The individuals in this application each have unique […]

Unmixed steam reforming is a promising alternative process of hydrogen production. It relies on the cyclic oxidation of a bed of nickel-based material and on the simultaneous regeneration of a CO2-sorbent under airflow to provide the heat necessary for the […]

This research aims towards developing a technology that converts biomass derived glycerol to hydrogen with simultaneous carbon capture, using the concept of sorption enhanced steam reforming. EU currently produces approximately 6.8 billion litres of biodiesel per annum, which yields ~0.68 […]

Although the scientific community and many governments agree that greenhouse gases resulting from the use of hydrocarbon fuels are primarily responsible for producing damaging global climate change, society is still heavily dependent on hydrocarbon fuels for everything from electricity generation, […]

The UK is committed to meeting stringent carbon dioxide emission targets over the next 35 years. One potentially valuable technology in achieving this target is the development of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies, where carbon dioxide is captured during […]

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged as a promising means of lowering CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion. However, concerns about the possibility of harmful CO2 leakage are contributing to slow widespread adoption of the technology. Research to date […]

The year 2011 recorded the highest ever global consumption of energy, estimated at more than 12 billion tonnes of oil equivalent. Because of this, and despite increasingly widespread deployment of renewable energy generation, annual global emissions of greenhouse gases are […]

Projections of energy usage generally agree that the world will be heavily reliant on fossil fuels well into the second half of the 21st Century. Until our energy demands can be met by alternative sources, geological storage of CO2 in […]

The use of hydrogen as a clean energy carrier is seen by policy makers and industry as a potential way of mitigating climate change arising from the emissions to atmosphere of CO2 arising from the use of fossil fuels. Hydrogen […]

There is currently huge interest in carbon capture and sequestration as a means of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and hence combating climate change. Unfortunately, current methods for achieving this are considered uneconomic because they require massive absorption plant, with the […]

The global supply of electricity accounts for ~38% of total anthropogenic carbon emissions to the atmosphere or ~2,400 Mte/y (carbon basis), a figure projected to exceed 4,000 Mte/y by 2020. Globally, coal generates the largest share of world electricity production […]

The earths surface temperature has risen over the last century and appears to be facing a continued rapid warming. It is generally accepted that this increase in surface temperature is, at least in part, from human activities. The burning of […]

Security and sustainability of energy supply and delivery are major global challenges. New materials, engineering solutions and technological innovations are needed to help meet competing needs of poverty deduction, rapid economic development and climate change. The UK and India face […]

WP3 Cost Benefit Analysis (Activity Leader: Imperial College) It is recognised that plant configurations that optimise overall efficiency may not be optimal in terms of operational flexibility (e.g. the ability to change load rapidly in response to grid requirements). A […]

The methodology to identify, verify and test candidate reservoir formations, seal rocks and structural traps for CO2 storage is a primary requirement for UK carbon capture and storage. The research activities proposed in WP1 aim to deliver up to date […]

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is considered to be a greenhouse gas. The concentration of CO2 in the earth atmosphere is an important control on earth surface temperature, and hence climate. CO2 dissolution in the oceans is also being recognised as an […]

Nottingham see this research as the opportunity to start the full research into a complicated combination of compressor technology and CO2 behaviour. As such it is the first stage of two, and will establish the likely behaviour of a centrifugal, […]

Oxy-Fuel Combustion is one of the key technologies considered for carbon capture. In recent years oxy-coal combustion with recycled flue gas has been strongly considered by the power generation industry as one of the possible options with a potential contribution […]

Most of world’s energy currently derives from combustion of fossil fuel. The UK is no exception. A key environmental problem is that fossil fuel combustion releases CO2 to the atmosphere. This is now, beyond reasonable doubt, linked to global warming […]

Co-firing biomass with coal at existing power plant is widely adopted as one of the main technologies for reducing CO2 emissions in the UK and the rest of the world. Despite various advances in developing the co-firing technology, a range […]

It is now a widely accepted fact that carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion and change in land use are forcing a rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 levels, with consequent enhancement of the greenhouse gas (GHG) effect leading to climate […]

The behaviour of multiphase particulate or granular systems (e.g. in fluidised beds and pneumatic conveyors) presents severe experimental problems because they are opaque, largely preventing the use of optical techniques. Also, inserting physical probes inevitably disturbs the system under investigation. […]

The 2006 Stern Review and the very recent 2007 Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report have both concluded that there is overwhelming evidence showing that climate change is a serious and urgent issue. Both reports conclude that early action […]

Coal-fired generation accounts for 82% of China’s total power supply. Even in the UK the coal-fired generation still accounts for 35% . Because of this, the efficient and clean burn of coal is of great importance to the energy sector. […]

Chemical looping combustion is one way of using a solid fuel such as coal, which is able to capture the CO2 without the energy penalty usually associated with carbon capture. However, this is a relatively new technology, and its application […]

The increasing threat posed by enhanced global warming, together with the requirement to secure energy supplies for both countries have led to this proposal for a collaboration of experts between China and the U.K. in clean technologies for energy production […]

The large-scale implementation of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) cannot be realised without a pipeline network that is economic, safe and efficient. In the UK, this means designing and constructing a ‘next generation’ transport system for the collection of CO2 […]

The multi-disciplinary research teams collaborating in this proposal are all internationally leading groups which are at the forefront of research in the development of materials and processes for gas separations. The consortium will build upon its strengths in order to […]

In the refinery, CO2 comes from two different sources – firstly by fuel combustion in the CHP boiler (around 35% of total CO2 emission), and process heater/furnace (around 45%), and secondly from the H2 plant (around 20%). The fuel combustion […]

Coal will likely remain in an important position in the world energy mix in the foreseeable future because of its stability in supply and low cost in production. However, coal fired power generation industry has to substantially reduce its pollutant […]

Coal is currently responsible for 40% of global electricity generation, which is increasing, largely due to the expanding economies of Asia, particularly China where a new coal-fired power station comes on stream every week. Indeed, it is generally recognised that […]

Energy supply for the UK, and for the World as a whole, will experience major changes during the next 20 years, as states seek secure energy supplies, combined with low costs, and sustainable environmental impacts. Most of world energy currently […]

If the carbon dioxide produced when coal is burnt to make electricity can be collected in a concentrated form then it can be compressed into a dense liquid and squeezed into the pores between rock grains a kilometre or more […]

Security and sustainability of energy supply and delivery are major global challenges. New materials, engineering solutions and technological innovations are required to help meet competing challenges of poverty reduction, rapid economic development and climate change. The worlds for energy will […]

Research into solid adsorbents for CO2 is motivated by their potential advantages over liquid amine, membrane or cryogenic separation techniques in mid-high temperature CO2 separation, for example, in hydrogen production via steam reforming/gasification of waste biomass where production yields are […]

We aim to establish a formal collaboration between the University of Edinburgh and North China Electric Power University to build upon the research excellence in carbon capture at both institutions, and to develop a novel process based on circulating new […]

Innovative solutions are required to develop new systems for CO2 capture. Here, we propose to develop a novel catalytic membrane micro-reactor for capture of CO2 and at the same time producing ultrapure hydrogen at low temperatures from fossil fuel such […]

The potential for carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to make a significant contribution to mitigating the risk of dangerous climate change has been recognised by a number of international bodies including the G8, International Energy Agency and Intergovernmental Panel […]

Membranes in general provide very significant opportunities for process intensification. In particular there is a large range of energy-related applications for high temperature ceramic membranes that is as yet poorly explored. This Platform Grant proposal is aimed at underpinning our […]

By 2015, the UK is expected to face an electrical power shortage of over 20GW, based on projected economic growth and projected life expectancy of a number of existing power plants. There is currently an exceptionally wide variety of new […]

Both Chinese and UK governments are committed to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and have recognised carbon capture and storage (CCS) as an essential step towards this goal. The two countries have collaborated extensively and encourage new initiatives. This proposal […]

The Gas-FACTS programme will provide important underpinning research for UK CCS development and deployment on natural gas power plants, particularly for gas turbine modifications and advanced post combustion capture technologies that are the principal candidates for deployment in a possible […]

The 2008 Climate Change Act sets a legally binding target of 80% CO2 emissions reductions by 2050. To meet this challenge the UK Climate Change Committee (CCC) issues regular carbon budgets with recommendations on the way in which the UK […]

New ideas for carbon capture are urgently needed to combat climate change. Retro-fitting post-combustion carbon capture to existing power plants has the greatest potential to reduce CO2 emissions considering these sources make the largest contribution to CO2 emissions in the […]

Taken together the imaging Facilities on the Rutherford Campus will be without equal anywhere in the world. The suite of synchrotron X-ray, neutron, laser, electron, lab. X-ray, and NMR imaging available promises an unprecedented opportunity to obtain information about material […]

This programme is proposed to answer the EPSRC call on “Carbon capture and storage for natural gas power stations” by forming a close partnership between the University of Southampton and E.ON. The proposed research has a strong focus on industrial […]

There is a great deal of social angst about the future of our energy supplies and the impact of energy use on climate change. Yet, daily we discard vast amounts of energy in the form of wet wastes whose carbon […]

The goal of the proposed EngD Centre is to produce research leaders to tackle the major national and international challenges over the next 15 years in implementing new power plant to generate electricity more efficiently using fossil energy with near […]

There are major challenges inherent in meeting the goals of the UK national energy policy, including, climate change mitigation and adaption, security of supply, asset renewal, supply infrastructure etc. Additionally, there is a recognized shortage of high quality scientists and […]